U+813E, 脾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-813E

[U+813D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+813F]
脾 U+2F985, 脾
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F985
䐋
[U+2F984]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 媵
[U+2F986]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 月竹田十 (BHWJ), four-corner 76240, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 985, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29579
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1438, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2089, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+813E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *be): semantic (organ) + phonetic (OC *pe).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • pì - organ;
  • phì - “temperament”.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note: pi5 - used in 脾氣.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (11)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /biᴇ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /biɛ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /bjɛ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /biə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /bie/
    Wang
    Li
    /bǐe/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱie̯/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjie ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-[p]e/
    English spleen

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 385
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*be/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (~臟) (traditional Chinese medicine) a functionally defined organ of the digestive system, corresponding largely to the anatomical organ of the pancreas
    2. (~臟) (Western medicine, anatomy) spleen
    3. (figurative) disposition; liking; temperament

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    • On (unclassified): (hi); はい (hai); へい (hei)
    • Kun: ひぞう (hizō, ); もも (momo, ); とまる (tomaru)

    ReferencesEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (よこし) (yokoshi

    1. (anatomy) spleen

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC biᴇ). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: pi) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 지라 (jira bi))

    1. Hanja form? of (spleen).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (, tỳ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.