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U+8165, 腥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8165

[U+8164]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8166]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月日竹一 (BAHM), four-corner 76214, composition)

  1. raw meat, including the odor thereof
  2. rank, strong-smelling

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 988, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29678
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1440, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2095, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+8165

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
sʰlɯː
sʰleːns
sʰleːns, *ʔsreːŋ
sʰleːns, *sʰleŋs
sʰleːns
sʰeːns
sʰeːns
sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs
sreŋ
sreŋ
sreŋ
sreŋ, *sleːŋ
sreŋ
sreŋ, *sreŋs
sreŋ, *seːŋ
sreŋ
sreŋʔ
sreŋs
zreːŋ
ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs
ʔsleŋ
ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
ʔsleŋ
ʔsleŋ, *zleŋs, *zleŋʔ
ʔsleŋ, *sʰleŋʔ
ʔsleŋ
ʔsleŋ
ʔsleŋ
sʰleŋ
sʰleŋ
sʰleŋʔ, *zleŋs, *zleŋ
sʰleŋs
zleŋs, *zleŋ
zleŋs
zleŋ
zleŋ
zleŋ
zleŋʔ
zleŋʔ
seŋʔ, *seːŋs
seŋʔ, *seːŋ
sleŋs
sleŋs
l̥ʰeŋs
ʔljeŋ, *sʰleːŋ
sʰleːŋ
sʰleːŋ, *sʰleːŋs
sʰleːŋs
sleːŋ
sleːŋ
sleːŋ
sleːŋ
seːŋ, *seːŋs
seːŋ
seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs
seːŋ

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • seng - literary;
  • chhiⁿ/chheⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (16) (16)
Final () (125) (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/seŋ/ /seŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/seŋ/ /seŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɛŋ/ /sɛŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɛjŋ/ /sɛjŋH/
Li
Rong
/seŋ/ /seŋH/
Wang
Li
/sieŋ/ /sieŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sieŋ/ /sieŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xīng xìng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11375 11381
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*seːŋ/ /*seːŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. having a fishy smell

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. smelly, as of raw fish or meat

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
なまぐさ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Root stem of adjective 生臭い, 腥い (namagusai, smelling of fish, meat, or blood; stinky, bad-smelling),[1][2] itself a compound of (nama, raw, uncooked) +‎ 臭い (kusa, stink, bad smell, root stem of 臭い kusai, “stinky, bad-smelling”). The kusa changes to gusa as an instance of rendaku (連濁)..

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana なまぐさ, rōmaji namagusa)

  1. a smell of fish, meat, or blood
  2. a stink, a bad smell

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(seong) (hangeul , revised seong, McCune-Reischauer sŏng, Yale seng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tinh, tanh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.