ChineseEdit

 
from; self; oneself
from; self; oneself; since
6th heavenly stem; self
simp. and trad.
(自己)
alternative forms 格鬼 (gak5 gei2) Taishanese

PronunciationEdit


PronounEdit

自己

  1. self; oneself
    逃離自己祖國 / 逃离自己祖国  ―  táolí zìjǐ de zǔguó  ―  to flee one's home country
    維護自己權益 / 维护自己权益  ―  wéihù zìjǐ de quányì  ―  to uphold one's rights and interests
    自己錯誤辯解 [MSC, trad.]
    自己错误辩解 [MSC, simp.]
    wèi zìjǐ de cuòwù biànjiě [Pinyin]
    to be on the defensive about one’s mistakes
    成為一個更好自己 [MSC, trad.]
    成为一个更好自己 [MSC, simp.]
    chéngwéi yīge gènghǎo de zìjǐ [Pinyin]
    to become a better person; to become a better version of oneself
    一個愚昧以為自己 [MSC, trad.]
    一个愚昧以为自己 [MSC, simp.]
    Yīge yúmèi de rén zǒng yǐwèi zìjǐ shì duì de. [Pinyin]
    Ignorant people always believe they are right.
    最終我們自己討厭樣子 [MSC, trad.]
    最终我们自己讨厌样子 [MSC, simp.]
    Zuìzhōng wǒmen dōu huó chéng le zìjǐ tǎoyàn de yàngzi. [Pinyin]
    In the end we all lived to become people we despised.

Usage notesEdit

In Mandarin Chinese, 自己 (zìjǐ) is a reflexive pronoun. The antecedent it refers to can be inferred by context, which is generally the subject of the sentence.

SynonymsEdit

AdverbEdit

自己

  1. by oneself
    自己  ―  Zìjǐ ná ba!  ―  Help yourself!
    喝茶自己  ―  Yào hēchá zìjǐ dào a.  ―  If you want some tea, help yourself.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (自己):
  • Japanese: 自己(じこ) (jiko)
  • Korean: 자기 (自己, jagi)
  • Vietnamese: tự kỷ (自己)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2

Grade: 6
on’yomi

NounEdit

()() (jiko

  1. self; oneself

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

自己 (jagi) (hangeul 자기)

  1. Hanja form? of 자기 (oneself).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

AdjectiveEdit

自己

  1. Hán tự form of tự kỉ (autistic; introverted).