ChineseEdit

 
from; self; oneself
from; self; oneself; since
6th heavenly stem; self
simp. and trad.
(自己)

PronunciationEdit


PronounEdit

自己

  1. self; oneself
    維護自己權益 / 维护自己权益  ―  wéihù zìjǐ de quányì  ―  to uphold one's rights and interests
    成為一個更好自己 [MSC, trad.]
    成为一个更好自己 [MSC, simp.]
    chéngwéi yīge gènghǎo de zìjǐ [Pinyin]
    to become a better person; to become a better version of oneself
    一個愚昧以為自己 [MSC, trad.]
    一个愚昧以为自己 [MSC, simp.]
    Yīge yúmèi de rén zǒng yǐwèi zìjǐ shì duì de. [Pinyin]
    Ignorant people always believe they are right.
    最終我們自己討厭樣子 [MSC, trad.]
    最终我们自己讨厌样子 [MSC, simp.]
    Zuìzhōng wǒmen dōu huó chéng le zìjǐ tǎoyàn de yàngzi. [Pinyin]
    In the end we all lived to become people we despised.

SynonymsEdit


Usage notesEdit

In Mandarin Chinese, 自己 (zìjǐ) is the reflexive pronoun. The antecedent it refers to can be inferred by context, which is generally the subject of the sentence:

AdverbEdit

自己

  1. by oneself
    自己  ―  Zìjǐ ná ba!  ―  Help yourself!

AdjectiveEdit

自己

  1. (attributive) closely related; own

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (自己):
  • Japanese: 自己(じこ) (jiko)
  • Korean: 자기 (自己, jagi)
  • Vietnamese: tự kỷ (自己)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2

Grade: 6
on’yomi

NounEdit

自己(じこ) (jiko

  1. self; oneself

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

自己 (jagi) (hangeul 자기)

  1. Hanja form? of 자기 (oneself).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

AdjectiveEdit

自己

  1. Hán tự form of tự kỉ (autistic; introverted).