Open main menu

Wiktionary β

U+828B, 芋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-828B

[U+828A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+828C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿一木 (TMD) or X廿一木 (XTMD), four-corner 44401, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1018, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30670
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1476, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3174, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+828B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qaːls
*kʰʷraː
*kʰʷraː
*kʰʷraː, *kʰʷraːs, *kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷraː, *kʰʷraːʔ, *kʰʷraːs, *kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷraː
*kʰʷraːʔ
*kʰʷraːʔ
*kʰʷraːʔ
*kʰʷraːʔ
*ɢʷraː, *qʷaː
*ɡʷraːs
*pɢʷaː, *kʰʷaː
*qʰʷl'aː
*kʰʷaː, *qʷaː
*kʰʷaː
*kʰʷaː
*kʰʷaː
*kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷaːs
*qʰaː
洿 *ɡʷaːʔ, *qʷaː
*ɡʷlaː, *ɡʷlaːs
*ɢʷlaːʔ
*qʷaː, *qʷaːs
*qʷaː
*qʷaː
*qʷaː
*qʷaː
*qʷaːs, *ɢʷa
*qʰʷl'a
*qʰʷl'a
*pqʰʷa, *qʰʷa
*qʰʷla, *ɢʷla
*qʰʷa, *ɢʷas
*qʰʷa
*qʰʷa
*qʰʷa, *qʷa
*qʰʷa
*qʰʷaʔ
*qʷa
*qʷa
*qʷa, *qʷaʔ, *ɢʷa
*qʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa, *ɢʷas
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷla
*ɢʷaʔ

Pronunciation 1Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ɣioH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)a-s/
English taro (Colocasia antiquorum?)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15720
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷas/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. taro
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of 芋頭 (“taro”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 芋艿
Taxonomic name
Mandarin Beijing 芋頭
Taiwan 芋頭
Harbin 芋頭
Jinan 芋頭
Muping 芋頭
Luoyang 芋頭
Xi'an 芋頭
Xuzhou 毛芋頭芋頭
Ürümqi 芋頭
Wuhan 芋頭
Chengdu 芋頭芋子
Guiyang 芋頭毛芋頭
Liuzhou 芋頭
Yangzhou 芋頭
Nanjing 芋頭
Nantong 芋頭
Cantonese Guangzhou 芋頭
Hong Kong 芋頭
Shunde 芋頭
Foshan 芋頭
Zhongshan 芋頭
Dongguan 芋頭
Taishan 芋頭
Doumen
Kaiping 芋頭
Shaoguan 芋頭
Yunfu 芋頭
Xinyi 芋頭
Lianjiang 芋頭
Nanning 芋頭
Wuzhou 芋頭
Yulin 芋頭
Hepu 芋頭
Gan Nanchang 芋頭
Lichuan 芋頭
Pingxiang 芋頭
Hakka Meixian 芋仔芋頭
Yudu 芋子芋頭
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 芋仔芋頭
Liudui (S. Sixian) 芋仔芋頭
Hsinchu (Hailu) 芋仔芋頭
Dongshi (Dabu) 芋頭芋卵
Zhuolan (Raoping) 芋仔芋頭芋卵
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 芋卵
Huizhou Jixi 芋頭
Jin Taiyuan 芋頭
Min Bei Jian'ou 芋頭
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei 芋仔
Kaohsiung 芋仔
Tainan 芋仔
Taichung 芋仔
Hsinchu 芋仔
Lukang 芋仔
Sanxia 芋仔
Yilan 芋仔
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Chaozhou
Haikou
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning 芋頭
Wu Shanghai 芋艿
Suzhou 芋艿
Hangzhou 芋艿
Wenzhou
Chongming 芋艿
Danyang 芋頭芋頭麻子芋頭子子芋頭婆婆
Jinhua 毛芋
Ningbo 芋艿
Xiang Changsha 芋頭芋子
Loudi 芋子

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦio/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆/
Li
Rong
/ɣio/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15712
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷa/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Pronunciation 3Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Pronunciation 4Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 芋尹 (yùyǐn).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana いも, rōmaji imo)

  1. a potato; a sweet potato; a taro; a yam

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(u, hu)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): , (revised: u, hu, McCune–Reischauer: u, hu, Yale: wu, hwu)
    • Name (hangeul): 토란, (revised: toran, keul, McCune–Reischauer: t'oran, k'ŭl, Yale: tholan, khul)
  1. taro

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(dụ, vu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.