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U+828B, 芋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-828B

[U+828A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+828C]
芋 U+2F990, 芋
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F990
芑
[U+2F98F]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 芝
[U+2F991]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 廿一木 (TMD) or X廿一木 (XTMD), four-corner 44401, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1018, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30670
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1476, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3174, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+828B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qaːls
*kʰʷraː
*kʰʷraː
*kʰʷraː, *kʰʷraːs, *kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷraː, *kʰʷraːʔ, *kʰʷraːs, *kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷraː
*kʰʷraːʔ
*kʰʷraːʔ
*kʰʷraːʔ
*kʰʷraːʔ
*ɢʷraː, *qʷaː
*ɡʷraːs
*pɢʷaː, *kʰʷaː
*qʰʷl'aː
*kʰʷaː, *qʷaː
*kʰʷaː
*kʰʷaː
*kʰʷaː
*kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷaːs
*qʰaː
洿 *ɡʷaːʔ, *qʷaː
*ɡʷlaː, *ɡʷlaːs
*ɢʷlaːʔ
*qʷaː, *qʷaːs
*qʷaː
*qʷaː
*qʷaː
*qʷaː
*qʷaːs, *ɢʷa
*qʰʷl'a
*qʰʷl'a
*pqʰʷa, *qʰʷa
*qʰʷla, *ɢʷla
*qʰʷa, *ɢʷas
*qʰʷa
*qʰʷa
*qʰʷa, *qʷa
*qʰʷa
*qʰʷaʔ
*qʷa
*qʷa
*qʷa, *qʷaʔ, *ɢʷa
*qʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa, *ɢʷas
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷla
*ɢʷaʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷa, *ɢʷas): semantic  (grass; plant) + phonetic  (OC *ɢʷa) – taro.

Etymology 1Edit

Unclear. Shuowen suggests that the word arises from the startling size of the taro, leading Kai Xu to connect it to (OC *qʰʷa), which is the sound that one makes when one is startled. However, this seems to be folk etymology.

Compare Proto-Hmong-Mien *wouH (taro), Burmese (wa., elephant foot yam), Tibetan གྲོ་མ (gro ma, Potentilla anserina, a plant with small edible tubers). There are various theories on how all these words are related:

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ō͘/ǒ͘ - vernacular;
  • ū/ī - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɨoH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦioH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣioH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦuə̆H/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣioH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjuH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷ(r)a-s/
    English taro (Colocasia antiquorum?)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 15720
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷas/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. taro
    SynonymsEdit
    Dialectal synonyms of 芋頭 (“taro”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) , 芋艿
    Taxonomic name
    Mandarin Beijing 芋頭
    Taiwan 芋頭
    Harbin 芋頭
    Jinan 芋頭
    Muping 芋頭
    Luoyang 芋頭
    Xi'an 芋頭
    Xuzhou 毛芋頭, 芋頭
    Ürümqi 芋頭
    Wuhan 芋頭
    Chengdu 芋頭, 芋子
    Guiyang 芋頭, 毛芋頭
    Liuzhou 芋頭
    Yangzhou 芋頭
    Nanjing 芋頭
    Nantong 芋頭
    Cantonese Guangzhou 芋頭
    Hong Kong 芋頭
    Foshan 芋頭
    Shunde 芋頭
    Zhongshan (Shiqi) 芋頭
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Taishan 芋頭
    Kaiping (Chikan) 芋頭
    Dongguan 芋頭
    Shaoguan 芋頭
    Yunfu 芋頭
    Xinyi 芋頭
    Lianjiang 芋頭
    Nanning 芋頭
    Wuzhou 芋頭
    Yulin 芋頭
    Hepu 芋頭
    Gan Nanchang 芋頭
    Lichuan , 芋頭
    Pingxiang 芋頭
    Hakka Meixian 芋仔, 芋頭
    Yudu 芋子, 芋頭
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 芋仔, 芋頭
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 芋仔, 芋頭
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 芋仔, 芋頭
    Dongshi (Dabu) , 芋頭, 芋卵
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 芋仔, , 芋頭, 芋卵
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) , 芋卵
    Huizhou Jixi 芋頭
    Jin Taiyuan 芋頭
    Min Bei Jian'ou 芋頭,
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei 芋仔
    Kaohsiung 芋仔
    Tainan 芋仔
    Taichung 芋仔
    Hsinchu 芋仔
    Lukang 芋仔
    Sanxia 芋仔
    Yilan 芋仔
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Chaozhou
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Pinghua Nanning , 芋頭
    Wu Shanghai 芋艿
    Suzhou 芋艿
    Hangzhou 芋艿
    Wenzhou
    Chongming 芋艿
    Danyang 芋頭, 芋頭麻子, 芋頭子子, 芋頭婆婆
    Jinhua , 毛芋
    Ningbo 芋艿
    Xiang Changsha 芋頭, 芋子
    Loudi 芋子

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɨo/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦio/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣio/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦuə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣio/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 15712
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷa/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (of grass) lush; luxuriant

    Etymology 3Edit

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. large; great
    2. to have

    Etymology 4Edit

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Used in 芋尹 (yǔyǐn).
    2. Alternative form of (, “to live; to reside”).

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    • On (unclassified): (u)
    • Kun: いも (imo, , Jōyō)

    CompoundsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana いも, rōmaji imo)

    1. a potato; a sweet potato; a taro; a yam

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (u, hu)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): , (revised: u, hu, McCune–Reischauer: u, hu, Yale: wu, hwu)
      • Name (hangeul): 토란, (revised: toran, keul, McCune–Reischauer: t'oran, k'ŭl, Yale: tholan, khul)
    1. taro

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (dụ, vu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.