U+828D, 芍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-828D

[U+828C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+828E]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 140, +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿心戈 (TPI) or 廿心一 (TPM), four-corner 44127, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1018, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30674
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1476, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3175, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+828D

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡleːwʔ, *spʰlewɢ, *pl'ewɢ, *bljewɢ, *pleːwɢ): semantic (grass; plant) + phonetic (OC *pljewɢ, *bljewɢ).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou:
    • sio̍k/chiak - literary;
    • chio̍k/sio̍h/chhia̍h - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/5 4/5
    Initial () (25) (9)
    Final () (107) (107)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑɨɐk̚/ /ʈɨɐk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑiɐk̚/ /ʈiɐk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑiɑk̚/ /ȶiɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑɨak̚/ /ʈɨak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑiak̚/ /ȶiak̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑĭak̚/ /ȶĭak̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑi̯ak̚/ /ȶi̯ak̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shuó zhuo
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    soek6 zoek3
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 4/5 3/5
    No. 11196 11188
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bljewɢ/ /*pl'ewɢ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Chinese peony (Paeonia lactiflora)

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/5
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (93)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦeuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦeuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣeuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦɛwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣeuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣieuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣieuX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiào
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jiu6
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/5
    No. 11186
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡleːwʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. water chestnut
    SynonymsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 5/5
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (127)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tek̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tek̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tɛk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tɛjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /tek̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /tiek̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tiek̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    di
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    dik1
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 5/5
    No. 11214
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pleːwɢ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (, “lotus seed”).

    Etymology 4Edit

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/5
    Initial () (14)
    Final () (107)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sʰɨɐk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sʰiɐk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sʰiɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sʰɨak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡sʰiak̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sʰĭak̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡sʰi̯ak̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    que
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    coek3
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/5
    No. 11187
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*spʰlewɢ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 芍陂.

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jak, jeok) (hangeul , , revised jak, jeok, McCune–Reischauer chak, chŏk, Yale cak, cek)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: thược

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.