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U+828D, 芍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-828D

[U+828C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+828E]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿心戈 (TPI) or 廿心一 (TPM), four-corner 44127, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1018, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30674
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1476, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3175, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+828D

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*preːwɢs
*preːwɢs, *preːwɢ
*breːw, *b·reːwɢs
*ʔreːwɢs, *ʔreːwɢ
*plew, *pʰlew, *bljewɢ, *pleːwɢ
*ʔlewɢs, *ʔlewɢ
*pleːwʔ, *pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢs
*teːwɢs
*ɡleːwʔ, *spʰlewɢ, *pl'ewɢ, *bljewɢ, *pleːwɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ, *bljewɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ, *bljewɢ
*bljewɢ, *sbreːwɢ
*bljewɢ
*qlewɢ, *qreːwɢ
礿 *lewɢ
*preːwɢ, *pleːwɢ
*breːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡleːwʔ, *spʰlewɢ, *pl'ewɢ, *bljewɢ, *pleːwɢ): semantic  (grass; plant) + phonetic  (OC *pljewɢ, *bljewɢ).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou:
    • sio̍k/chiak - literary;
    • chio̍k/sio̍h/chhia̍h - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/5 4/5
Initial () (25) (9)
Final () (107) (107)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨɐk̚/ /ʈɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɐk̚/ /ʈiɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiɑk̚/ /ȶiɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑɨak̚/ /ʈɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/ʑiak̚/ /ȶiak̚/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭak̚/ /ȶĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ak̚/ /ȶi̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shuó zhuo
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 4/5 3/5
No. 11196 11188
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bljewɢ/ /*pl'ewɢ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Chinese peony (Paeonia lactiflora)

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/5
Initial () (33)
Final () (93)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦeuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦeuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣeuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɛwX/
Li
Rong
/ɣeuX/
Wang
Li
/ɣieuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣieuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiào
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/5
No. 11186
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡleːwʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. water chestnut
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of 荸薺 (“Chinese water chestnut”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , 鳧茈, 鳧茨, 烏芋
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 荸薺
Taxonomic name 荸薺
Mandarin Beijing 荸薺
Taiwan 荸薺
Harbin 荸薺
Shenyang 荸薺
Hailar 荸薺
Chifeng 地梨兒
Jinan 荸薺
Muping 地梨兒
Luoyang 荸西
Xi'an 荸薺
Zhengzhou 荸薺
Xining 荸薺
Xuzhou 荸薺
Lanzhou 荸薺
Ürümqi 荸薺
Wuhan 荸薺
Huanggang 荸薺
Chengdu 慈姑兒
Guiyang 荸薺
Guilin 馬蹄
Liuzhou 馬蹄, 蒲薺, 蒲慈 dated
Kunming 荸薺
Yangzhou 荸薺
Nanjing 荸薺
Hefei 蒲球
Nantong 荸薺
Cantonese Guangzhou 馬蹄
Hong Kong 馬蹄
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 馬蹄
Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou) 馬蹄
Hong Kong (Ting Kok) 馬蹄
Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau) 馬蹄
Macau 馬蹄
Panyu 馬蹄
Huadu (Huashan) 馬蹄
Conghua 馬蹄
Zengcheng 馬蹄
Foshan 馬蹄
Nanhai (Shatou) 馬蹄
Shunde 馬蹄
Sanshui 馬蹄
Gaoming (Mingcheng) 馬蹄
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 馬蹄
Zhuhai (Qianshan) 馬蹄
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 馬蹄
Doumen 馬薺
Jiangmen (Baisha) 馬薺
Xinhui 馬薺
Taishan 馬薺
Kaiping (Chikan) 馬薺
Enping (Niujiang) 馬薺
Heshan (Yayao) 馬蹄
Dongguan 田薺, 馬蹄
Bao'an (Shajing) 馬蹄
Shaoguan 馬蹄
Yunfu 馬蹄
Yangjiang 馬蹄子
Xinyi 馬蹄子
Lianjiang 馬蹄子
Nanning 馬蹄
Wuzhou 馬蹄
Yulin 馬蹄
Hepu 馬蹄
Kuala Lumpur 馬蹄
Ho Chi Minh City 馬蹄
Gan Nanchang 荸救
Lichuan 馬絲
Pingxiang 慈姑
Hakka Meixian 馬薺, 馬蹄
Xingning 馬薺
Huidong (Daling) 馬薺, 馬蹄
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 馬蹄
Luchuan 馬蹄
Changting 馬薺
Pingyu 馬薺
Wuping 馬薺
Liancheng 馬薺
Ninghua 馬薺
Yudu 馬薺, 馬薺子
Ruijin 馬薺
Shicheng 馬薺
Shangyou 荸薺
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 馬薺
Liudui (S. Sixian) 馬薺
Hsinchu (Hailu) 馬薺
Dongshi (Dabu) 馬薺, 脆薯
Hsinchu (Raoping) 馬薺
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 馬薺
Hong Kong 馬蹄
Senai 馬蹄
Huizhou Jixi 荸薺
Shexian 荸薺
Tunxi 荸薺
Xiuning 荸薺
Yixian 荸薺
Qimen 荸薺
Wuyuan 蒲薺
Jin Taiyuan 荸薺
Jining 地梨
Hohhot 地梨兒
Min Bei Jian'ou 莓薺
Dikou 莓薺
Zhenqian 莓薺, 網薺
Shibei 蠓薺
Min Dong Fuzhou 莓薺
Changle 莓薺
Fuqing 莓薺
Yongtai 莓薺
Gutian 莓薺
Fu'an 薺栗
Ningde 莓薺
Shouning 水薺
Zhouning 莓薺
Fuding 莓薺
Matsu 莓薺
Min Nan Xiamen 馬薺
Tong'an 馬薺
Quanzhou 馬薺
Jinjiang 馬薺
Yongchun 馬薺
Zhangzhou 田藕
Longhai 田薺仔
Changtai 田藕
Pinghe 馬薺
Zhangpu 田藕
Yunxiao 薺蔥
Dongshan 馬薺蔥
Taipei 馬薺
Kaohsiung 馬薺
Tainan 馬薺
Taichung 馬薺
Wuqi 馬薺
Hsinchu 馬薺
Taitung 馬薺
Lukang 馬薺
Sanxia 馬薺
Yilan 馬薺
Kinmen 馬薺
Magong 馬薺
Penang 馬蹄
Singapore 馬薺, 錢蔥
Longyan 田藕
Datian 荸薺
Chaozhou 錢蔥
Shantou 錢蔥
Haifeng 馬蹄
Johor Bahru 錢蔥
Haikou 馬蹄子
Leizhou 馬蹄子
Puxian Min Putian 莓薺
Xianyou 莓薺
Pinghua Nanning 馬蹄
Guilin 荸薺
Wu Shanghai 荸薺, 地栗
Suzhou 荸薺
Wuxi 荸薺
Hangzhou 荸薺
Wenzhou 荸薺
Chongming 地栗
Danyang 荸薺
Jinhua 蒲薺
Tangxi 糖蒲薺
Ningbo 蒲薺, 地栗
Xiang Changsha 荸薺, 荸薺子, 慈姑子
Shuangfeng 慈姑子
Xiangtan 慈姑子

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 5/5
Initial () (5)
Final () (127)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tek̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/tek̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛjk̚/
Li
Rong
/tek̚/
Wang
Li
/tiek̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tiek̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
di
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 5/5
No. 11214
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pleːwɢ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (, “lotus seed”).

Etymology 4Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/5
Initial () (14)
Final () (107)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiak̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
que
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/5
No. 11187
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*spʰlewɢ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 芍陂.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jak, jeok) (hangeul , , revised jak, jeok, McCune–Reischauer chak, chŏk, Yale cak, cek)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thược)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.