U+828D, 芍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-828D

[U+828C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+828E]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿心戈 (TPI) or 廿心一 (TPM), four-corner 44127, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1018, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30674
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1476, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3175, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+828D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*preːwɢs
*preːwɢs, *preːwɢ
*breːw, *b·reːwɢs
*ʔreːwɢs, *ʔreːwɢ
*plew, *pʰlew, *bljewɢ, *pleːwɢ
*ʔlewɢs, *ʔlewɢ
*pleːwʔ, *pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢs
*teːwɢs
*ɡleːwʔ, *spʰlewɢ, *pl'ewɢ, *bljewɢ, *pleːwɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ, *bljewɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ, *bljewɢ
*bljewɢ, *sbreːwɢ
*bljewɢ
*qlewɢ, *qreːwɢ
礿 *lewɢ
*preːwɢ, *pleːwɢ
*breːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡleːwʔ, *spʰlewɢ, *pl'ewɢ, *bljewɢ, *pleːwɢ): semantic (grass; plant) + phonetic (OC *pljewɢ, *bljewɢ).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou:
    • sio̍k/chiak - literary;
    • chio̍k/sio̍h/chhia̍h - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/5 4/5
Initial () (25) (9)
Final () (107) (107)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨɐk̚/ /ʈɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɐk̚/ /ʈiɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiɑk̚/ /ȶiɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑɨak̚/ /ʈɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/ʑiak̚/ /ȶiak̚/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭak̚/ /ȶĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ak̚/ /ȶi̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shuó zhuo
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 4/5 3/5
No. 11196 11188
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bljewɢ/ /*pl'ewɢ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Chinese peony (Paeonia lactiflora)

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/5
Initial () (33)
Final () (93)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦeuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦeuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣeuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɛwX/
Li
Rong
/ɣeuX/
Wang
Li
/ɣieuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣieuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiào
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/5
No. 11186
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡleːwʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. water chestnut
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of 荸薺 (“Chinese water chestnut”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 鳧茈鳧茨烏芋
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 荸薺
Mandarin Beijing 荸薺
Taiwan 荸薺
Jinan 荸薺
Xi'an 荸薺
Wuhan 荸薺
Chengdu 慈菇兒
Yangzhou 荸薺
Hefei 蒲球
Cantonese Guangzhou 馬蹄
Hong Kong 馬蹄
Taishan 馬薺
Yangjiang 馬蹄子
Gan Nanchang 荸救
Hakka Meixian 馬薺馬蹄
Xingning 馬薺
Huidong (Huizhou) 馬薺馬蹄
Xiaosanjiang 馬蹄
Changting 馬薺
Pingyu 馬薺
Wuping 馬薺
Liancheng 馬薺
Ninghua 馬薺
Yudu 馬薺馬薺子
Ruijin 馬薺
Shicheng 馬薺
Shangyou 荸薺
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 馬薺
Liudui (S. Sixian) 馬薺
Hsinchu (Hailu) 馬薺
Dongshi (Dabu) 馬薺脆薯
Zhuolan (Raoping) 馬薺
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 馬薺
Jin Taiyuan 荸薺
Min Bei Jian'ou 莓薺
Min Dong Fuzhou 莓薺
Min Nan Xiamen 馬薺
Quanzhou 馬薺
Zhangzhou 田藕
Taipei 馬薺
Malaysia 馬蹄
Chaozhou 錢蔥
Wu Shanghai 荸薺地栗
Suzhou 荸薺
Wenzhou 荸薺
Xiang Changsha 荸薺荸薺子慈菇子
Shuangfeng 慈菇子

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 5/5
Initial () (5)
Final () (127)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tek̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/tek̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛjk̚/
Li
Rong
/tek̚/
Wang
Li
/tiek̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tiek̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
di
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 5/5
No. 11214
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pleːwɢ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (, “lotus seed”).

Etymology 4Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/5
Initial () (14)
Final () (107)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiak̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
que
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/5
No. 11187
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*spʰlewɢ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 芍陂.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jak, jeok) (hangeul , , revised jak, jeok, McCune-Reischauer chak, chŏk, Yale cak, cek)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thược)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.