- water caltrop
- KangXi: page 1020, character 18
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30733
- Dae Jaweon: page 1478, character 4
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3178, character 8
- Unihan data for U+82B0
|simp. and trad.
|Historical forms of the character 芰
|Large seal script||Small seal script|
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- (마름): water caltrop, (also implausibly) water chestnut
- ^ This was authored by several scholars at the direction of King Sejong of Yi Dynasty, concerning the folk medical herb gathering by month.
- ^ Cited by: 南廣祐 (1997). 敎學古語辭典. 敎學社. p. 538.
- ^ "末栗" is a hanja rendering for 말밤(mal-bam), the origin of 마름(mareum, 菱) "water caltrop, water chestnut," literally, "coarse chestnut" such as "horse-chestnut".