U+83C5, 菅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-83C5

[U+83C4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+83C6]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 廿十口口 (TJRR), four-corner 44777, composition)

  1. coarse grass, Themeda forskalii

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1036, character 51
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31142
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1495, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3240, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+83C5

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːn): semantic + phonetic (OC *koːn) – a type of grass.

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

“Suga”
Orthographic borrowing from Japanese (すが) (Suga).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kan - literary;
  • koaⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (69)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠan/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚan/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨn/
Li
Rong
/kan/
Wang
Li
/kan/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kan/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4457
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kroːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. a variety of grass
  2. A surname​.
  3. Suga (a Japanese surname)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
すげ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

⟨suɡe2 → */suɡəɨ//suɡe/

From Old Japanese.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(すげ) (suge

  1. a sedge
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
すが
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

The unbound apophonic form of suge above.

NounEdit

(すが) (suga

  1. (rare or in compounds) a sedge
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(すが) (Suga

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
かん
Jinmeiyō
kan’on

/kʷan//kan/

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠan).

AffixEdit

(かん) (kan (historical kana くわん)

  1. a variety of grass
  2. Sugawara no Michizane
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(かん) (Kan (historical kana くわん)

  1. A surname​.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gwan) (hangeul , revised gwan, McCune–Reischauer kwan, Yale kwan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Old JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “From Proto-Japonic *sunkay?”

NounEdit

(suge2) (kana すげ)

  1. a sedge
    • 711712, Kojiki (poem 65)
      夜多能比登母登須宜波古母多受多知迦阿那牟阿多良須賀波良許登袁許曾須宜波良登伊波米阿多良須賀志賣
      Yata no2 pi1to2mo2to2 suge2 pa ko1 mo2tazu tati ka arenamu atara sugapara ko2to2 wo ko2so2 suge2para to2 ipame2 atara sugasime1
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: (suge)

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: gian

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.