ChineseEdit

calamus calamus
trad. (菖蒲)
simp. #(菖蒲)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

菖蒲

  1. Acorus calamus; sweet sedge; iris

JapaneseEdit

 
あやめ

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
あやめ
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
jukujikun

Shift in meaning from 漢女 (ayame), a compound of (aya, Chinese, appears in ancient clan names referring to very early Chinese immigrants to Japan) +‎ (me, woman), in reference to the earliest producers of textiles as a metaphor for the colorful patterns of the flowers.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

菖蒲(あやめ) (ayame

  1. iris (flower)
  2. short for 菖蒲襲 (ayamegasane): a style of kimono layering consisting of a blue outer layer and a light pink inner layer, traditionally worn in the month of May
  3. (archaic, poetic) the month of May
  4. (card games) in hanafuda, the card representing the month of May
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where katakana is customary), as アヤメ.

Proper nounEdit

菖蒲(あやめ) (Ayame

  1. a female given name

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
しょう
Jinmeiyō

Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

/ɕaubu//ɕɔːbu//ɕoːbu/

From Middle Chinese 菖蒲 (MC t͡ɕʰɨɐŋ buo, literally “iris + bulrush, cattail; vine”).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(しょう)() (shōbuしやうぶ (syaubu)?

  1. iris (flower)
  2. (card games) in hanafuda, the card representing the month of May
  3. short for 菖蒲襲 (shōbugasane): a style of kimono layering consisting of a blue outer layer and a light pink inner layer, traditionally worn in the month of May

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
そう
Jinmeiyō

Jinmeiyō
irregular

Shift in pronunciation from shōbu above.[1][2][3]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(そう)() (sōbuさうぶ (saubu)?

  1. iris (flower)
  2. short for 菖蒲襲 (sōbugasane): a style of kimono layering consisting of a blue outer layer and a light pink inner layer, traditionally worn in the month of May

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN