落ちる

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun’yomi

EtymologyEdit

/ot͡su//ot͡ʃiru/

From Old Japanese 落つ (otsu, to fall), which underwent the same Muromachi period shift as all 二段活用動詞 (nidan katsuyō dōshi, bigrade-conjugation verbs).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "落ちる"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
落ちる [òchíꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) 落ちろ [òchíꜜrò]
Key constructions
Passive 落ちられる ちられ [òchíráréꜜrù]
Causative 落ちさせる ちさせ [òchísáséꜜrù]
Potential - - -
Volitional 落ちよう ちよ [òchíyóꜜò]
Negative 落ちない ない [òchíꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 落ちなかった なかった [òchíꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 落ちます ちま [òchímáꜜsù]
Perfective 落ちた ちた [óꜜchìtà]
Conjunctive 落ちて ちて [óꜜchìtè]
Hypothetical conditional 落ちれば れば [òchíꜜrèbà]

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

()ちる (ochiruintransitive ichidan (stem () (ochi), past ()ちた (ochita))

Japanese verb pair
active 落とす
mediopassive 落ちる
  1. to fall
  2. (computing) to go down (as when a computer or application becomes unresponsive)
  3. (electrical engineering, of a circuit breaker) to trip
    ブレーカーが()ちた
    burēkā ga ochita
    the circuit breaker tripped

ConjugationEdit

IdiomsEdit

Related termsEdit

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN