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See also:
U+845A, 葚
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-845A

[U+8459]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+845B]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +9, 13 strokes in traditional Chinese and Korean, 12 strokes in mainland China and Japanese, cangjie input 廿廿一女 (TTMV), four-corner 44711, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1045, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31416
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1506, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3243, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+845A

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #
variant forms
𣞵

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔl'uːm, *r'uːmʔ, *l'um
*ʔl'uːm
*l̥ʰuːmʔ, *l'uːmʔ
*sluːmʔ
*kʰluːm
*kʰluːm, *ʔl'umʔ
*kʰluːm, *ŋɡluːm, *ŋɡluːmʔ, *sɡruːmʔ, *kʰruːm
*kʰluːmʔ, *kʰluːb
*kʰluːms
*kʰuːms
*kʰuːms
*r'uːmʔ
*ʔl'um
*ʔl'um
*ʔl'ums
*l̥ʰumʔ
*l̥ʰumʔ
*kljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljumʔ, *ɡljums
*ɦljumʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦljumʔ): semantic  (grass; plant) + phonetic  (OC *ɡljumʔ, *ɡljums).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • sam6 - colloquial;
  • zam1 - variant.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (27)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑjemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑimX/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiəmX/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shèn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ zyimX ›
Old
Chinese
/*sə-d[ə]mʔ/
English mulberry fruit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11298
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljumʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. mulberry fruit
CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (dialectal) Only used in 桑葚兒桑葚儿.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 오디 (odi sim))

  1. (오디): mulberry fruit ()

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

Usage notesEdit

  1. ^ 南廣祐 (1997). 敎學古語辭典. 敎學社. p. 968.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(rậm, rườm, rặm, thậm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit