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See also:
U+8477, 葷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8477

[U+8476]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8478]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 廿月十十 (TBJJ), four-corner 44506, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1046, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31461
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1508, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3257, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8477

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiun/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hun/
Li
Rong
/xiuən/
Wang
Li
/xĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xūn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xūn
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰu[n]/
English Allium

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7338
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰun/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Buddhism) strong-smelling vegetables, such as spring onion, garlic and garlic chives
  2. meat or fish dishes (as opposed to vegetarian dishes)
  3. (figuratively) low-class; obscene; vulgar; dirty

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 葷粥荤粥 and 葷鬻荤鬻.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. strong smelling
  2. strong smelling vegetable, esp. garlic, onion, Chinese chives (Allium tuberosum), Chinese scallion (Allium chinense), Allium macrostemon (Japanese garlic)
  3. meat diet

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): くん (kun), ぐん (gun)
  • Kun: なまぐさ (namagusa)

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hun) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer hun, Yale hwun)

  1. meat diet
  2. strong smelling

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(huân, hôi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.