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U+8521, 蔡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8521

[U+8520]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8522]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 廿月人火 (TBOF), four-corner 44901, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1055, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31818
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1517, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3282, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+8521

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #
alt. forms 𦬁 second round simplified

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Small seal script
           
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰlaːds
*ʔsreːds
*ʔsreːds, *ʔsleds
*ʔsleds
*ʔsleds
*ʔsleds
*hr'eds
*sʰleːds
*sʰlaːd
*sʰlaːd, *saːd
*sʰlaːd
*sʰreːd
*sʰreːd, *sʰeːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰlaːds): semantic  (vegetation) + phonetic  (OC *ʔsreːds, *ʔsleds).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chhòa - vernacular (including surname);
  • chhài - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰai⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡sʰai⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡sʰai⁵³/
Jinan /t͡sʰɛ²¹/
Qingdao /t͡sʰɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰai³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰai⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡sʰɛ²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡sʰɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰai²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰai³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰai¹³/
Guiyang /t͡sʰai²¹³/
Kunming /t͡sʰæ²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡sʰae⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʰe̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡sʰæ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sʰɛ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰe³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰɑ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰe̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰa⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰɛ³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰa⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰai⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰai⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰai²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰai⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɔi³³/
Nanning /t͡sʰɔi³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɔi³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰai²¹/
/t͡sʰua²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰuɛ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰua²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sai³⁵/
/sua³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (25)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɑiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰɑiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɑiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰajH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰɑiH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰɑiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰɑiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cài
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cài
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshajH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.r̥̥ˤat-s/
English (name of a state)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5836
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰlaːds/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. weed
  2. tortoise used for divination
  3. () (historical) Cai (an ancient Chinese state)
  4. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Tagalog: Chua (via Hokkien)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chae, sal) (hangeul , , revised chae, sal, McCune–Reischauer ch'ae, sal, Yale chay, sal)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thái)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.