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See also:
U+8591, 薑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8591

[U+8590]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8592]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 廿一田一 (TMWM), four-corner 44106, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1061, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32110
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1525, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3300, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8591

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *
variant forms
𧅁
𦷗

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
橿 *kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋ
*kaŋs, *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ
*kaŋ

Originally , a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaŋ): semantic  (grass; plant) + phonetic  (OC *kaŋs, *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ).

Note that the simplified form (OC *klaŋ) is also a traditional character on its own.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *kjaŋ (ginger). Compare Burmese ချင်း (hkyang:).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/kiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/kĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjang ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]aŋ/
English ginger

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6260
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ginger

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of (“ginger”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Harbin
Bayanhot 洋辣子
Jinan , 鮮薑, 黃薑
Muping , 生薑
Luoyang
Wanrong , 生薑
Xi'an 生薑,
Zhengzhou
Xuzhou 生薑,
Yinchuan 生薑
Lanzhou 生薑
Ürümqi 生薑
Wuhan 生薑,
Chengdu 生薑,
Guiyang 生薑
Liuzhou
Yangzhou 生薑
Nanjing 生薑,
Hefei 生薑
Cantonese Guangzhou , 生薑
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
Foshan , 生薑
Shunde
Zhongshan (Shiqi)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
Taishan 薑乸,
Kaiping (Chikan) 薑乸
Dongguan
Shaoguan
Yunfu 薑乸
Yangjiang 老薑, , 薑乸
Xinyi , 生薑
Lianjiang , 薑乸
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang 生薑,
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian 薑嫲, , 生薑
Yudu
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 薑嫲
Liudui (S. Sixian) 薑嫲
Hsinchu (Hailu) 薑嫲
Dongshi (Dabu) 薑嫲
Hsinchu (Raoping) 薑嫲
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 薑嫲
Hong Kong 薑嫲
Sabah 薑嫲
Senai
Singkawang 薑嫲
Huizhou Jixi , 生薑
Jin Taiyuan 鮮薑,
Xinzhou 鮮薑
Hohhot 生薑
Min Bei Jian'ou 老薑,
Min Dong Fuzhou 薑母,
Fuqing 薑母
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Chaozhou
Johor Bahru
Wenchang 薑母
Haikou 薑母
Puxian Min Putian 薑母
Xianyou 薑母
Pinghua Nanning
Wu Shanghai 生薑,
Suzhou , 生薑
Hangzhou
Wenzhou , 生薑
Chongming 生薑
Danyang 生薑
Jinhua 生薑
Ningbo 生薑,
Xiang Changsha , 生薑
Shuangfeng 生薑
Loudi

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. ginger

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gang) (hangeul , revised gang, McCune–Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.