See also:
U+8667, 虧
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8667

[U+8666]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8668]
虧 U+2F9B5, 虧
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F9B5
虜
[U+2F9B4]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 虩
[U+2F9B6]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 141, +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 卜土一一尸 (YGMMS), four-corner 21227, composition(GHTV) or ⿰(JK))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1075, character 42
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32770
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1544, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2830, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+8667

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰʷral): phonetic (OC *qʰʷlaː) + semantic (exhale).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰuei⁵⁵/
Harbin /kʰuei⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kʰuei²¹/
Jinan /kʰuei²¹³/
Qingdao /kʰue²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kʰuei²⁴/
Xi'an /kʰuei²¹/
Xining /kʰuɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kʰuei⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kʰuei³¹/
Ürümqi /kʰuei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kʰuei⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kʰuei⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kʰuei⁵⁵/
Kunming /kʰuei⁴⁴/
Nanjing /kʰuəi³¹/
Hefei /kʰue²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰuei¹¹/
Pingyao /kʰuei¹³/
Hohhot /kʰuei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰy⁵³/
/kʰue⁵³/
Suzhou /kʰue̞⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕʰy⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /kʰui³³/
Wenzhou /kʰai³³/
Hui Shexian /kʰue³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰye¹¹/
/kʰue¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kʰuei³³/
Xiangtan /kʰuəi³³/
Gan Nanchang /kʰui⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kʰui⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kʰui²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰwɐi⁵³/
Nanning /kʰʷɐi⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kʰwɐi⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰui⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuoi⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰy⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰui³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xui²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (14)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠiuᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰʷᵚiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiuɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰjwiə̆/
Li
Rong
/kʰjue/
Wang
Li
/kʰǐwe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰwie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kuī
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kuī
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjwe ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷʰ(r)aj/
English diminish

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5278
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰʷral/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to be lacking; to be deficient
  2. to have a deficit
  3. to treat unfairly
  4. luckily; fortunately
  5. used to show irony with a note of reproach

AntonymsEdit

  • (to have a deficit): (literary, or in compounds) (yíng)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. wane (moon)

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): (ki)
  • Kun: かける (kakeru)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hyu) (hangeul , revised hyu, McCune–Reischauer hyu, Yale hyu)

  1. lose, fail
  2. damage
  3. deficient

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khuy, khuya, khuây)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.