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U+867A, 虺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-867A

[U+8679]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+867B]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一山中一戈 (MULMI), four-corner 15213, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1077, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32833
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1545, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2834, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+867A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*hŋuːl, *hŋruːl, *hŋlulʔ
*hŋuːl
鼿 *hŋuːl, *ŋuːd
*hŋlulʔ
*ŋ̥ʰuːn
*ŋod, *ŋuːd
*ŋod, *ŋuːd
*ŋuːd
*ŋuːd
*ŋuːd
*ŋluːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hŋuːl, *hŋruːl, *hŋlulʔ): phonetic  (OC *ŋuːd) + semantic .

EtymologyEdit

“venomous snake”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-b/m-ruːl (snake).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (32)
Final () (21)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hʉiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/hʷɨiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiuəiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hujX/
Li
Rong
/xiuəiX/
Wang
Li
/xĭwəiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xwe̯iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huǐ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huǐ huǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjwɨjX › ‹ xjwɨjX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r̥]u[j]ʔ/ (W dialect: *r̥- > MC x-) /*r̥u[j]ʔ/ (W dialect: *r̥- > MC x-)
English snake-brood sound of thunder

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 13193
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hŋlulʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. mythological venomous snake

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3
Initial () (32) (32)
Final () (34) (42)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hˠuɛi/ /huʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/hʷᵚæi/ /huoi/
Shao
Rongfen
/xuɐi/ /xuɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwəɨj/ /hwəj/
Li
Rong
/xuɛi/ /xuᴀi/
Wang
Li
/xwɐi/ /xuɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xwăi/ /xuɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huāi huī
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huī
Middle
Chinese
‹ xwoj ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r̥]ˤu[j]/ (W dialect: *r̥- > MC x-)
English exhausted, weary

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3
No. 13189 13192
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hŋuːl/ /*hŋruːl/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 虺隤 (“sick; ambitionless”).

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. large poisonous snake

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hwe) (hangeul , revised hwe, McCune-Reischauer hwe, Yale hwey)

  1. viper
  2. big snake

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.