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U+86E4, 蛤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-86E4

[U+86E3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+86E5]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142, +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 中戈人一口 (LIOMR), four-corner 58161, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1082, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33023
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1550, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2850, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+86E4

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuːm
*quːm, *qromʔ, *qɯːm, *qramʔ, *qɯːb
*ɡuːmʔ, *kuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tuːb, *toːb
*tuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tkuːb, *ɡuːb
*tkʰuːb, *kuːb, *quːb, *quːb
*kuːb
鴿 *kuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *kʰuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb
*ŋɡuːb
*quːb, *quːb
*qʰuːb, *qʰruːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*tʰuːb
*tʰoːb
*rtuːb
*kruːb, *kob, *ɡob
*kruːb, *ŋkob
*kruːb
*kʰruːb
*kʰruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*qʰjob, *qʰrub
*tkʰub
*ɡjub
*krub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kuːb): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𧊧

Cognate with (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb, “to be together”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (160)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəp̚/
Li
Rong
/kᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/kɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ge
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4953
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kuːb/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. clam

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 蛤 (蟆)
Mandarin Beijing /xa³⁵/
Harbin /xa²⁴/
Tianjin /xɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /xa⁴²/
Qingdao /xa⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xɛ⁴²/
Xi'an /xɯ²⁴/
Xining /ɕia⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xa⁵³/
Lanzhou /xə⁵³/
Ürümqi /xɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕia⁵⁵/
Chengdu /xa⁵⁵/
/ɕia⁵⁵/
Guiyang /xa⁵⁵/
Kunming /xə³¹/
Nanjing /ɕiɑ²⁴/
Hefei /xa⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao
Hohhot /xaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ho³⁴/
Suzhou /ho⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiɑ³³/
Wenzhou /ɦo³¹/
Hui Shexian /kʰa⁴⁴/
Tunxi /kau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha
Xiangtan /ɦɒ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /hɑ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /ha¹¹/
Taoyuan /hɑ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ha⁵⁵/
Nanning /ha²¹/
Hong Kong /ha⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ha³⁵/
/he³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ha⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xa³³/
Shantou (Min Nan)
Haikou (Min Nan) /ha³¹/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 蛤蟆 (háma); also used as its short form.
  2. (Mainland China, Internet slang) Nickname of Jiang Zemin in Moha culture.
  3. (Mainland China, Internet slang) Alternative form of (, “ha; huh”) used in Moha culture.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Compare Proto-Tai *kɤpᴰ (frog), whence Thai กบ (gòp), Lao ກົບ (kop), Zhuang goep, Shan ၵူပ်း (kúup), Ahom 𑜀𑜤𑜆𑜫 (kup).

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (dialectal) frog
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of 青蛙 (“frog”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 青蛙
Taxonomic name
Mandarin Beijing 蛤蟆, 田雞
Taiwan 青蛙, 田雞
Harbin 蛤蟆, 青乖子
Shenyang 蛤蟆, 青乖子
Jinan 蛤蟆, 田雞
Muping 蚧巴子, 張拉崴子, 張崴子
Luoyang 蛤蟆
Wanrong 水雞子
Xi'an 蛤蟆, 田雞
Xining 青蛙
Xuzhou 水雞兒
Yinchuan 田畝雞
Lanzhou 金蛤蟆, 長腿癩蛤蟆
Ürümqi 青蛙
Wuhan 蛤蟆, 綠蛤蟆, 田雞
Chengdu 蜞螞兒, 青蜞螞兒, 青蛙, 田雞
Guiyang 青蛙, 田雞
Liuzhou 蟆𧊅
Kunming 青蛙, 田雞
Yangzhou 田雞子, 田雞, 水雞子
Nanjing 田雞, 水雞, 蛤蟆, 青蛙
Hefei 蛤蟆, 田雞
Nantong 田雞
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 懶呱子
Cantonese Guangzhou 蛤乸, 蛤𧊅, 田雞
Hong Kong 蛤乸, 蛤𧊅, 田雞, 青蛙
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 蛤𧊅, 蛤乸
Foshan 田雞
Taishan 田雞
Dongguan , 田雞
Yangjiang , 田雞
Xinyi 蛤乸, 蛤𧊅
Nanning 蛤乸
Kuala Lumpur 田雞, 青蛙
Gan Nanchang 蛤蟆, 田雞, 老蛤
Lichuan 蛤蟆
Pingxiang 鬼蛤蟆
Hakka Meixian 𧊅仔, 田雞, 蛤蟆
Changting 蛤蟆
Yudu 𧊅
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𧊅仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 𧊅仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 𧊅仔
Dongshi (Dabu) 𧊅
Hsinchu (Raoping) 𧊅仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𧊅子
Hong Kong 蛤蟆
Sabah 蛤蟆, 𧊅哩, 蛤𧊅
Senai 𧊅仔
Singkawang 𧊅
Huizhou Jixi 水雞, 田雞, 蛤蟆
Jin Taiyuan 蛤蟆
Xinzhou 蛤蟆
Hohhot 蛤蟆
Min Bei Jian'ou 田狗, 水雞
Min Dong Fuzhou 青蛤, 黃䱝, 水雞
Fuqing 青蛤, 黃䱝, 水雞
Matsu 黃䱝
Min Nan Xiamen 田蛤仔, 水雞
Quanzhou 埯魅坸仔, 水雞
Zhangzhou 田蛤仔, 水雞
Taipei 大肚仔魚, 水雞, 田蛤仔, 杜蝛仔
Kaohsiung 水雞, 四跤仔, 田蛤仔
Tainan 水雞, 四跤魚, 田蛤仔, 田僑
Taichung 水雞
Hsinchu 水雞
Lukang 水雞, 田蛤仔
Sanxia 水雞, 田蛤仔, 肚蛙
Yilan 水雞, 蛤仔
Kinmen 水雞
Magong 水雞
Penang 水雞
Chaozhou 蛤虯, 水雞
Haifeng 蛤蛄, 蛤虯
Johor Bahru 蛤虯
Haikou , 田雞, 螻蛤
Leizhou 田雞,
Puxian Min Putian 洋乜, 水雞
Xianyou 洋乜, 水雞
Pinghua Nanning , 田雞
Guilin 蛤蟆
Wu Shanghai 田雞, 青蛙
Suzhou 田雞, 青蛙
Hangzhou 田雞
Wenzhou 蛤蟆, 蛤蟆牯, 田雞
Chongming 田雞
Danyang 田雞, 青蛙
Jinhua 田雞, 蟥蟆
Tangxi 田雞, 蛤蟆
Ningbo 田雞, 水雞
Xiang Changsha 蛤蟆, 蛤蟆子, 蟆𧊅, 水雞
Shuangfeng 蟆𧊅子
Loudi 蟆𧊅, 蟆𧊅子
Quanzhou 蟆𧊅

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From (hama, beach) +‎ (kuri, chestnut).

NounEdit

(hiragana はまぐり, katakana ハマグリ, rōmaji hamaguri)

  1. clam

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hap) (hangeul , revised hap, McCune–Reischauer hap, Yale hap)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cáp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.