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See also:
U+87EC, 蟬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-87EC

[U+87EB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+87ED]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 142 +12, 18 strokes, cangjie input 中戈口口十 (LIRRJ), four-corner 56156, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1097, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33616
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1562, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2891, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+87EC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːlʔ
*taːlʔ, *taːls, *taːn, *daːn
*taːlʔ, *tʰjaːlʔ
*daːl, *daːn, *teːn
*daːl
*teːl
*deːl, *deːls, *daːn
*tjal, *tjals
*taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*tʰaːn
*daːn, *daːns
*daːn, *deːn
*daːn, *daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan, *taːnʔ
*daːnʔ
*daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan
*daːns
樿 *tjanʔ
*tjanʔ, *tʰjan, *tʰjanʔ
*tjans
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*djan
*djan, *djans
*djan
*djanʔ
*djanʔ
*teːnʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djan): semantic  (insect) + phonetic  (OC *taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Zhangzhou:
    • siân - literary;
    • chûn - vernacular.
  • Quanzhou:
    • siân - literary;
    • siâm - colloquial variant.
  • (Teochew)
  • Note:
    • siam5 - literary;
    • sung5 - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰan³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰan²⁴/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰan⁴⁵/
    /t͡sʰan⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰã⁴²/
    Qingdao /tʃʰã⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰan⁴²/
    Xi'an /ʂã²⁴/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰã²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰan⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ̃n⁵³/
    /ʂɛ̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰan⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰan²¹³/
    Chengdu /san³¹/
    Guiyang /san²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰã̠³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂaŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰæ̃⁵⁵/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰæ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰæ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /zø²³/
    Suzhou /zø¹³/
    Hangzhou /zz̩ʷõ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /ji³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰie⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰɔn⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ʂə̃¹³/
    /ɕyẽ¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɕyẽ¹²/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /san¹¹/
    Taoyuan /ʃɑm¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sim²¹/
    Nanning /sim²¹/
    Hong Kong /sim²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sian³⁵/
    /t͡sun³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sieŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ²¹/
    /t͡saŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /siam⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (25)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑiᴇn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑiɛn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑjæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑian/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑiɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑĭɛn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑi̯ɛn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chán
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzyen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[d]a[r]/
    English cicada

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2028
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*djan/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. cicada
    2. a type of silk as thin as a cicada's wing
    3. cicada-shaped decoration
    4. continuously; unendingly

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of (“cicada”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Taxonomic name
    Mandarin Beijing 季鳥兒馬季伏天兒
    Taiwan 知了
    Jinan 知了稍錢兒截了
    Xi'an 知了
    Wuhan 知丫知衣嗟哩嗟林
    Chengdu 蟬子
    Yangzhou 嘰溜子
    Hefei 遮溜子遮溜遮遮子
    Cantonese Guangzhou 沙蟬
    Hong Kong 沙蟬
    Gan Nanchang 借落子
    Hakka Meixian 蟬仔呀衣仔
    Huidong
    Qujiang 蟬子
    Changting 呀衣
    Pingyu 蟬子
    Wuping 蟬子
    Liancheng 呀衣
    Ninghua 蟬蟬子
    Ruijin 呀蟻子
    Shangyou 蟬子
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 蟬仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 蟬仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 蟬仔
    Dongshi (Dabu) 䗊䗊依
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 蟬仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan 蟬兒秋蟬
    Min Bei Jian'ou 蟬蚱
    Min Dong Fuzhou 阿蛦阿蛦母
    Min Nan Xiamen 𧌄蜅蠐
    Quanzhou 洋飛獅
    Zhangzhou 𧌄栱蟬
    Taipei 𧌄蜅蠐蟬仔
    Kaohsiung 𧌄蜅蠐仔
    Tainan 𧌄蜅蠐蟬仔
    Taichung
    Hsinchu 蟬蠳蛣蛚
    Lukang 𧌄蜅蠐青吱仔
    Sanxia 吱蟬
    Yilan
    Kinmen 蟬仔大蛚𧌄蜅蠐
    Magong 𧌄蜅蠐
    Penang 𧌄蜅蠐
    Chaozhou 藥部蟬
    Wu Shanghai 知了
    Suzhou 知了洋師太
    Wenzhou 知了
    Xiang Changsha 蟬蛉子
    Shuangfeng 蟬蛉子

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn, Yale sen)

    1. cicada

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (thiền)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.