See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 142 +12, 18 strokes, cangjie input 中戈口口十 (LIRRJ), four-corner 56156, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1097, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33616
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1562, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2891, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+87EC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰan³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰan²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰan⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰan⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰã⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰã⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰan⁴²/
Xi'an /ʂã²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰan⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ̃n⁵³/
/ʂɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰan⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰan²¹³/
Chengdu /san³¹/
Guiyang /san²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰã̠³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰæ̃⁵⁵/
/ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zø²³/
Suzhou /zø¹³/
Hangzhou /zz̩ʷõ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ji³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰie⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɔn⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂə̃¹³/
/ɕyẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /ɕyẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /san¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃɑm¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sim²¹/
Nanning /sim²¹/
Hong Kong /sim²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sian³⁵/
/t͡sun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sieŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ²¹/
/t͡saŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siam⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑian/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛn/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chán
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]a[r]/
English cicada

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2028
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djan/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Cicada.
  2. In ancient times, a type of silk as thin as a cicada's wing.
  3. A cicada-shaped decoration.
  4. Continuously and unendingly.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn, Yale sen)

  1. cicada

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thiền)

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