See also: and
U+881F, 蠟
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-881F

[U+881E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8820]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 142, +15, 21 strokes, cangjie input 中戈女女女 (LIVVV), four-corner 52116, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1101, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33786
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1565, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2903, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+881F

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *raːb): semantic (insect) + phonetic (OC *rab).

EtymologyEdit

Probably from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-krjap (bug; ant; insect (lac); cochineal); cognate with Burmese ချိပ် (hkyip, lac), Proto-Loloish *C-gripᴸ (lac; pine), Jingpho krep (bedbug), Proto-Kiranti *khrep (bug; ant) (Schuessler, 2007; STEDT).

However, this word is not attested until the 2nd to 3rd century (Ferlus, 2012b). It may instead be a borrowing from Proto-Vietic *k-raːp (wax) (Ferlus, 2012; Jacques, 2016).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • la̍h - vernacular;
  • la̍p - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (144)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɑp̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lɑp̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lɑp̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lap̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /lɑp̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /lɑp̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lɑp̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lap ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.rˁap/ (no pre-Qín exx.)
    English wax

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8144
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*raːb/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. wax
    2. candle (Classifier: m;  m)
    3. light yellow

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (ろう) (, wax)
    • Korean: (, nap, “wax”)

    Others:

    • Mongolian: лаа (laa, candle), лав (lav, wax)
    • ? Vietic: *k-raːp (wax)
      • Vietnamese: sáp (wax; candle)
    • Zhuang: lab (candle)

    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. wax
    2. candle
    3. waxy
    4. glazed

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC lɑp̚). Recorded as Middle Korean 랍〮 (Yale: lap) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (mil rap), South Korea (mil nap))

    1. Hanja form? of / (wax).
    2. Hanja form? of / (candle).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: rệp, lạp, sáp

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit

    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999