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U+88B7, 袷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-88B7

[U+88B6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+88B8]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 145, +6, 12 strokes in traditional Chinese, 11 strokes in mainland China and Japanese, cangjie input 中人一口 (LOMR), four-corner 38261, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1115, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34240
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1581, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3089, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+88B7

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuːm
*quːm, *qromʔ, *qɯːm, *qramʔ, *qɯːb
*ɡuːmʔ, *kuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tuːb, *toːb
*tuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tkuːb, *ɡuːb
*tkʰuːb, *kuːb, *quːb, *quːb
*kuːb
鴿 *kuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *kʰuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb
*ŋɡuːb
*quːb, *quːb
*qʰuːb, *qʰruːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*tʰuːb
*tʰoːb
*rtuːb
*kruːb, *kob, *ɡob
*kruːb, *ŋkob
*kruːb
*kʰruːb
*kʰruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*qʰjob, *qʰrub
*tkʰub
*ɡjub
*krub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kruːb, *ŋkob): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (152)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠɛp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚæp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɐp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəɨp̚/
Li
Rong
/kɐp̚/
Wang
Li
/kɐp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jia
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 4986
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kruːb/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. lined garment
  2. Alternative form of (jiá, “double-layered; lined”).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (147)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨɐp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiɐp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɐp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨap̚/
Li
Rong
/kiap̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭɐp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɐp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jie
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 4997
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋkob/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. overlapping collar

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 袷袢 (qiāpàn).

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. lined clothing

ReadingsEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠɛp̚, “lined clothing”):

From Middle Chinese (MC kɨɐp̚, “overlaping collar”):

EtymologyEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
あわせ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

Cognate with 合わせ (awase, joining together).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana あわせ, rōmaji awase, historical hiragana あはせ)

  1. a lined kimono
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 12, poem 2965), text here
       (つるはみ) () (あはせの) (ころも) (うら) () () () (われ)将強 (しひめ) () () (きみ) ()不来座 (きまさぬ) [Man'yōgana]
       (つるばみ) (あはせ) (ころも) (うら)にせば () ()ひめやも (きみ) ()まさぬ [Modern spelling]
      tsurubami no awase no koromo ura ni seba ware shiime ya mo kimi ga kimasenu
      (please add an English translation of this example)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(giáp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit