TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(clothes) – originally to produce cloth.

Han characterEdit

(radical 145 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹弓卜竹女 (HNYHV), four-corner 22732, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1119, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34380
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1586, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3095, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+88FD

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (製), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 祭
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 征例切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiᴇiH/ /t͡ɕi̯ɛiH/ /t͡ɕiɛiH/ /t͡ɕiɛiH/ /ciajH/ /t͡ɕĭɛiH/ /t͡ɕjæiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhì ‹ tsyejH › /*tet-s/ cut out (a garment)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17379 2 /*kjeds/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to make, to manufacture
  2. to produce

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana せい, romaji -sei)

  1. -made
    日本製 (にほんせい)
    nihon-sei
    made in Japan

NounEdit

‎(hiragana せい, romaji sei)

  1. make

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 製作者 ‎(せいさくしゃ, seisakusha, manufacturer, producer)
  • 製造 ‎(せいぞう, seizō, manufacturing)
  • 和製 ‎(わせい, wasei, Japanese-made)
  • 自家製 ‎(じかせい, jikasei, home-made)
  • 家電製品 ‎(かでんせいひん, kaden seihin, consumer electronics)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(je) (hangeul , revised je, McCune-Reischauer che, Yale cey)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chế, chẽ)

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