See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
言-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (yán) (when used as a left Chinese radical)

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
言-oracle.svg 言-bronze.svg 言-bigseal.svg 言-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) Pictograph of words emerging from a mouth ()

Pictogram (象形) A man () speaking with his mouth ()

Han characterEdit

(radical 149 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜一一口 (YMMR), four-corner 00601)

  1. KangXi radical 149

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1146, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35205
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1612, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3936, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8A00

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ian³⁵/
Harbin /ian²⁴/
Tianjin /ian⁴⁵/
Jinan /iã⁴²/
Qingdao /iã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ian⁴²/
Xi'an /iã²⁴/
Xining /iã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ian⁵³/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ian⁵¹/
Wuhan /iɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /ian³¹/
Guiyang /ian²¹/
Kunming /iɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /ien²⁴/
Hefei /iĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ie¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵi¹³/
Suzhou /ɦiɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦiẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³¹/
Hui Shexian /ne⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵiɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /iẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵiẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiɛn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ŋian¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋien¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jin²¹/
Nanning /jin²¹/
Hong Kong /jin²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gian³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋyoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋyiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋin³¹/
/ŋin²¹³/
/kɔŋ²¹³/ 訓講
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (31)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨɐn/ /ŋɨ̯ɐn/ /ŋiɐn/ /ŋiɐn/ /ŋɨan/ /ŋĭɐn/ /ŋiɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yán ‹ ngjon › /*ŋa[n]/ (a particle)
yán ‹ ngjon › /*ŋa[n]/ I, we
yán ‹ ngjon › /*ŋa[n]/ speak; speech
yán ‹ ngjon › /*ŋa[r]/ tall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14271 1 /*ŋan/

NounEdit

  1. (literary) speech, words
  2. message

VerbEdit

  1. to say, to speak, to talk

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​.

ReferencesEdit

  • in CEDICT on MDBG

JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(eon, eun) (hangeul , , revised eon, eun, McCune-Reischauer ŏn, ŭn, Yale en, un)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngôn, ngỏn, ngộn, ngổn, ngồn, ngủn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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