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See also:
U+8A71, 話
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A71

[U+8A70]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A72]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 149, +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜口竹十口 (YRHJR), four-corner 02664, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1158, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35441
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1624, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3965, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8A71

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰroːds, *qʰroːds, *ɡroːd
*ɡroːds
*kroːd
*kroːd, *koːd
*kroːd, *kʰroːd
*ɡroːd, *ɦbljed
*ɡroːd, *ɡoːd
*ɡroːd, *koːd
*koːd
*koːd, *ɡoːd
*koːd, *kʰoːd
*koːd, *l̥ʰeːmʔ
*koːd, *ɡoːd
*koːd
*koːd
*koːd, *slem, *l̥ʰeːmʔ
*koːd
*koːd
*koːd, *kʰoːd
*koːd
*kʰoːd
*kʰoːd
*ɡoːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡroːds): semantic  (word) + phonetic 𠯑 (OC *ɡroːd). The right component is not related to (OC *ɦbljed, “tongue”).

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with (OC *ɢʷad) according to Sagart (1999); if so, it is from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *grwas (to speak; word), whence Tibetan གྲོས་སྡུར་བྱེད་པ (gros sdur byed pa, to consult; to discuss) (STEDT).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • waa6-2 - “dialect; language; particle”;
  • waa6 - other senses.
Note:
  • va5* - “dialect; language”;
  • va5 - other senses.
  • Hakka
  • Note:
    • fa4 - noun;
    • va4 - verb.
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ōe/ōa - vernacular (ōa - rare in Xiamen);
    • hōa - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /xua⁵¹/
    Harbin /xua⁵³/
    Tianjin /xuɑ⁵³/
    Jinan /xua²¹/
    Qingdao /xua⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /xua³¹²/
    Xi'an /xua⁴⁴/
    Xining /xua²¹³/
    Yinchuan /xua¹³/
    Lanzhou /xua¹³/
    Ürümqi /xua²¹³/
    Wuhan /xua³⁵/
    Chengdu /xua¹³/
    Guiyang /xua²¹³/
    Kunming /xua̠²¹²/
    Nanjing /xuɑ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /xua⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /xua⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /xuɑ³⁵/
    Hohhot /xua⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦo²³/
    /ɦua²³/
    Suzhou /ɦo³¹/
    Hangzhou /ɦuɑ¹³/
    /ɦuo¹³/
    Wenzhou /ɦo²²/
    Hui Shexian /xua²²/
    /ua²²/
    Tunxi /uːə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /fa⁵⁵/
    /fa¹¹/
    Xiangtan /uɒ²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /uɑ²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /fa⁵³/
    Taoyuan /fɑ⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /wa²²/ 白~
    /wa³⁵/ 說~
    Nanning /wa²²/
    Hong Kong /wa²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hua²²/
    /ue²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uɑ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ua⁴⁴/
    /xua⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ue³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hua³⁵/
    /ue²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (30)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠuaiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷᵚaiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuaiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwaɨjsH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuaiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣwæiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣwaiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    huài
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    huà
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwaejH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[g]ʷˁrat-s/
    English speak; words

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7558
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡroːds/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. speech; talk; language
    2. what somebody said; (somebody's) words (Classifier: )
    3. dialect; language
    4. (Cantonese, Hakka) to say; to refer to; to talk about
    5. (Cantonese, Hakka) to tell someone off, to scold
    6. (Cantonese) to think; to feel; to consider; to say
    7. (Cantonese) Sentence-final particle used to ask someone to repeat previous information.

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of (“to say, to speak”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese , ,
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Tianjin
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Hefei
    Malaysia ,
    Cantonese Guangzhou ,
    Hong Kong ,
    Yangjiang ,
    Danzhou
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian ,
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Philippines (Manila) ,
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng
    Haikou
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou ,
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng ,

    See alsoEdit

    • (zhǐ)
    • (to tell someone off): (naau6, “to scold”)

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():

    Others:

    Further readingEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    はなし
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Alternative formsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana はなし, rōmaji hanashi)

    1. talking; speaking; speech; conversation
       (なん) (はなし)をしてるの?
      Nan no hanashi o shiteru no?
      What are you guys talking about?
    2. story; tale; narrative
      「ざしき童子 (ぼっこ)はなし
      “Zashiki-bokko no Hanashi
      The Story of the Zashiki-bokko
    3. a topic; a subject; that which is spoken about
    4. rumors; rumours
    5. negotiation; consultation; discussion
    6. lecture; speech

    Etymology 2Edit

    CounterEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji -wa)

    1. Counter for stories.
    2. Counter for episodes of TV shows.
       (だい) (いち) ()daiichiwaepisode 1

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 말할 (malhal hwa))

    1. to speak

    KunigamiEdit

    KanjiEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ぱなーしー, romaji phanāshī)

    1. conversation
    2. speech
    3. story

    MiyakoEdit

    KanjiEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ぱなす, romaji panasu)

    1. conversation
    2. speech
    3. story

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana はなし, romaji hanashi)

    1. conversation
    2. speech
    3. story

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (thoại)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    YaeyamaEdit

    KanjiEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ぱなしぃ, romaji panasï)

    1. conversation
    2. speech
    3. story