See also:
U+8A8D, 認
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A8D

[U+8A8C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A8E]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Han characterEdit

(radical 149, +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜口尸戈心 (YRSIP), four-corner 07632, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1161, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35502
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1626, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3980, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+8A8D

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *njɯns, *njɯŋs): semantic (speech) + phonetic (OC *njɯnʔ).

EtymologyEdit

Compare Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-njan (to hear; to listen) (STEDT); cognate with Tibetan ཉན་པ (nyan pa, to listen), Mizo en (to look; to look at). Schuessler (2007) suggests another cognate Jingpho non⁵⁵ (to think; to consider).

PronunciationEdit


Note: jing6 - common, jan6 - rare.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (38) (38)
Final () (43) (133)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪnH/ /ȵɨŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵinH/ /ȵɨŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjenH/ /ȵʑieŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵinH/ /ȵiŋH/
Li
Rong
/ȵiĕnH/ /ȵiəŋH/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕnH/ /ȵʑĭəŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ĕnH/ /ȵʑi̯əŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rèn rèng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jan6 jing6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyinH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nə[n]-s/
English know

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10832 10840
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njɯns/ /*njɯŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to recognize; to know; to understand; to acknowledge
  2. to accept; to agree
  3. to admit (defeat); to resign (oneself to something)
  4. to treat as; to consider as
  5. to adopt; to take on
  6. to undertake (to do something)

SynonymsEdit

  • (to recognize):

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  • meaning: recognize, appreciate

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(みとむ) (Mitomu

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun (al in))

  1. Hanja form? of (know).
  2. Hanja form? of (recognition).
  3. Hanja form? of (authorization).
  4. Hanja form? of (approval).

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: nhận

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.