U+8B19, 謙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8B19

[U+8B18]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8B1A]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 149 +10, 17 strokes, cangjie input 卜口廿X金 (YRTXC), four-corner 08637, composition)

  1. humble, modest
  2. 15th hexagram of the I Ching

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1175, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35821
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1639, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4009, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8B19

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*r'eːms
*r'eːms
*kreːm
*kreːmʔ
*kʰreːms, *kʰreːmʔ, *kʰeːmʔ, *kʰeːms
*kʰreːmʔ
*ɡreːm, *keːm
*ɡreːm, *ɡ·reːm, *ɡ·reːmʔ, *ɡ·reːms, *ɡeːm
*ɡreːmʔ, *ɡreːms
*ɡreːmʔ, *ɡraːm
*ɡ·rem
*ɡ·rem
*ɡ·rem, *ɡ·reːm
*ɡ·rem
*ɡ·rem
*ɡ·rem, *ɡ·reːm
*ɡ·rem
*ɡ·remʔ
*ɡ·remʔ, *ɡ·reːm, *ɡ·reːmʔ
*kʰremʔ
*ŋɡremʔ
*ɡ·reːm
*ɡ·reːm
*ɡ·reːm
*keːm, *keːms
*keːm
*keːm
*keːm
*keːm
*kʰeːm
*kʰeːmʔ
*kʰeːmʔ
*kʰeːmʔ, *kʰeːb
*kʰeːms
*qʰeːm
*ɡeːm
*ɡeːmʔ
*kreːm

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰian⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰian²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiã²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰiã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰian²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiã²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰiɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰian⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰian⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰien⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰie¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰie̞¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰiɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰi³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰie³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰiẽ³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰiẽ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɛn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kʰiam⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kʰiɑm²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /him⁵³/
Nanning /him⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /him⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰiam⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰieŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kiŋ⁵⁴/
/kʰiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰiam³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xiam²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (157)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰem/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰem/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɛm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰɛm/
Li
Rong
/kʰem/
Wang
Li
/kʰiem/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰiem/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6070
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰeːm/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gyeom) (hangeul , revised gyeom, McCune-Reischauer kyŏm, Yale kyem)

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