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ChineseEdit

to alert; to warn; police
 
examine; inquire; observe; inspect; look into; to examine
trad. (警察)
simp. #(警察)

PronunciationEdit


Etymology 1Edit

Wasei kango (和製漢語), orthographically borrowed from Japanese  (けい) (さつ) (keisatsu, police)

NounEdit

警察

  1. (uncountable) police; police force
    警察暴力  ―  jǐngchá bàolì  ―  police brutality
    警察武力驅趕示威者 [MSC, trad.]
    警察武力驱赶示威者 [MSC, simp.]
    Jǐngchá yòng wǔlì qūgǎn shìwēizhě. [Pinyin]
    The police cleared out the demonstrators by force.
    街上死人這不警察 [MSC, trad.]
    街上死人这不警察 [MSC, simp.]
    Jiē shang tǎngzhe gè sǐrén, zhè bù jǐngchá gāng dào. [Pinyin]
    A dead person is lying on the road, and the police has just arrived.
  2. (countable) police officer (Classifier: ; )
    便衣警察  ―  biànyī jǐngchá  ―  plainclothes police officer
Usage notesEdit
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of 警察 (“police; police officer”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 警察, 警官, 警員
Mandarin Beijing 警察, 雷子 argot
Taiwan 警察
Harbin 警察
Jinan 警察
Muping 警察
Luoyang 警察
Wanrong 警察
Xi'an 警察
Xuzhou 警察
Ürümqi 警察
Wuhan 警察
Chengdu 警察
Guiyang 警察, 警士 dated, 警士先生 dated face-to-face, 貓菜 dated nickname
Liuzhou 警察, 警伯 playful
Nanjing 警察
Malaysia 馬打
Singapore 馬打
Cantonese Guangzhou 警察, 差人, 差佬 male
Hong Kong 警察, 差人, 阿Sir male, 差佬 male
Taishan 警察
Dongguan 阿Sir, 差佬
Kuala Lumpur 馬打
Gan Lichuan 警察
Hakka Meixian 警察
Yudu 警察
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 警察
Liudui (S. Sixian) 警察
Hsinchu (Hailu) 警察
Dongshi (Dabu) 巡查, 警察
Hsinchu (Raoping) 警察
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 巡查
Huizhou Jixi 警察
Jin Taiyuan 警察
Xinzhou 警察, 小對子 dated
Min Dong Fuzhou 警察
Fuqing 警察
Matsu 警察
Min Nan Xiamen 警察, 烏跤 dated
Quanzhou 警察
Zhangzhou 警察, 烏跤 dated
Taipei 大人
Kaohsiung 警察
Tainan 大人
Taichung 巡查
Wuqi 警察
Hsinchu 警察
Lukang 警察
Yilan 警察
Magong 大人
Penang 馬打
Singapore 馬打, 大狗
Philippines (Manila) 警察
Haikou 警察
Pinghua Nanning 警察
Wu Shanghai 警察, 黑貓警長, 黑貓, 老貓
Suzhou 警察
Wenzhou 警察
Chongming 警察
Danyang 警察
Jinhua 警察
Xiang Changsha 警察
Loudi 警察
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Attestable since at least the Tang dynasty.

VerbEdit

警察

  1. (literary) to be vigilant; to be alert; to watch out
  2. (literary) to examine oneself critically; to examine one's thoughts and conduct
  3. (literary) to supervise; to monitor
SynonymsEdit

JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
けい
Grade: 6
さつ
Grade: 4
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

警察 (hiragana けいさつ, rōmaji keisatsu)

  1. police
    警察 (けいさつ)逮捕 (たいほ)される。
    Keisatsu ni taiho sareru.
    Arrested by the police.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

警察 (gyeongchal) (hangeul 경찰)

  1. Hanja form? of 경찰 (police).

OkinawanEdit

EtymologyEdit

First used around the beginning of the Meiji period,[1] borrowed from Japanese 警察 (keisatsu).

NounEdit

警察 (hiragana きーさち, romaji kīsachi, hiragana ちーさち, romaji chīsachi)

  1. police

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 沖縄語辞典 (Okinawago Jiten, “Okinawan Dictionary”)[1], 1963

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

警察

  1. Hán tự form of cảnh sát (police).