TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 156 +5, 12 strokes, cangjie input 土人人竹竹 (GOOHH), four-corner 48802, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1216, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1685, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3482, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+8D81

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (趁), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 直珍切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖiɪn/ /ȡʱi̯ĕn/ /ȡiĕn/ /ɖin/ /ɖin/ /ȡĭĕn/ /ȡjen/
Character (趁), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 娘 (12)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 尼展切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɳiᴇnX/ /ni̯ɛnX/ /niɛnX/ /ɳiɛnX/ /ɳianX/ /nĭɛnX/ /njænX/
Character (趁), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 徹 (10)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 丑刃切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈʰiɪnH/ /ȶʰi̯ĕnH/ /ȶʰiĕnH/ /ʈʰinH/ /ʈʰinH/ /ȶʰĭĕnH/ /ȶʰjenH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17084 1 /*nlanʔ/ 莊子作跈
17092 1 /*l̥ʰɯns/
17093 1 /*l'ɯn/ 集韻義同說文

ConjunctionEdit

  1. used to indicate a present situation: while circumstances are optimal
    熱打鐵。 [MSC, trad.]
    热打铁。 [MSC, simp.]
    Chèn rè dǎ tiě. [Pinyin]
    Strike while the iron is hot.
    天氣出去玩兒 [MSC, trad.]
    天气出去玩儿 [MSC, simp.]
    Chèn tiānqì hǎo, kuài chūqù wánr ba. [Pinyin]
    While the weather's good, go outside and play.

VerbEdit

  1. to take advantage (of time, opportunity, etc)
    機會嘢食 / 机会嘢食 [Cantonese]  ―  can3 gei1 wui6 tau1 je5 sik6 [Jyutping]  ―  take advantage of the situation and filch food
  2. (slang) to have a lot of
    一個 / 一个  ―  yīge chènqián de rén  ―  a wealthy person
  3. (literary) to pursue

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jin, jeon) (hangeul , , revised jin, jeon, McCune-Reischauer chin, chŏn, Yale cin, cen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sấn, sớn, thấn, sán, sắn, xớn)

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