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U+8DE4, 跤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8DE4

[U+8DE3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8DE5]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 157, +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 口一卜金大 (RMYCK), four-corner 60148, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1224, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37498
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1696, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3706, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8DE4

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*keːws, *kreːwʔ
*pʰreːws
*kreːw
*kreːw
*kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *ɡreːwʔ
*kreːw
*kreːw
*kreːw
*kreːw, *ŋɡreːwʔ, *qreːw
*kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *kreːws
*kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *ɡreːwʔ
*kreːw, *qʰreːws, *ɡreːws
*kreːwʔ
*kreːwʔ
*kreːwʔ, *ɡreːw
*kreːwʔ, *ɡreːw
*kreːws, *ɡreːws
*kreːws
*kʰreːw
*kʰreːw
*kʰraːw
*ŋɡreːwʔ
*ɡreːw
*ɡreːw
*ɡreːws
*ɡreːws
*ɡreːws
*keːwʔ
*keːwʔ
*keːwʔ
*qeːws
*pqreːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰreːw): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kreːw).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms second round simplified

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠau/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚau/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰau/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰaɨw/
Li
Rong
/kʰau/
Wang
Li
/kʰau/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰau/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiāo
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6317
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰreːw/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. tumble; fall
      ―  shuāijiāo  ―  to trip and fall

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Chinese sources commonly consider this to be a vernacular-layer descendant of Old Chinese (OC *kʰraːw, “lower leg”). It, however, bears great resemblance to the Tai etymon for “leg”, e.g. Thai ขา (kǎa, leg) < Proto-Tai *p.qaːᴬ (leg) (Yue-Hashimoto, 1976; Luo, 1992). Such similarity may be superficial, as the Tai etymon is cognate with Proto-Kam-Sui *kwa (leg) and there is a disagreement in rime (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

(Min)

  1. leg; foot; lower limb
  2. leg (of an object); support
  3. part below
  4. bottom part
  5. Classifier for pieces (of suitcases, finger rings).all nouns using this classifier
  6. Classifier for people in card games.
SynonymsEdit
  • (leg): (tuǐ)
  • (foot):
Dialectal synonyms of (“foot”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing , 腳巴丫子, 腳丫子, 丫子
Taiwan
Jinan , 腳丫子
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu 腳板兒, 腳板,
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian , 腳板
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou , 跤掌
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Penang
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou
Shantou
Leizhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou , 腳腳
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): こう (kō), きょう (kyō)
  • Kun: すね (sune)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gyo) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer kyo, Yale kyo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.