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See also: 踌躇

Contents

ChineseEdit

phonetic
trad. (躊躇)
simp. (踌躇)
variant forms 躊躕踌蹰

EtymologyEdit

Reduplication with the original form of *du da.

Cognate with 躑躅 (*dek dok), 踟躕 (*de do), 彳亍 (*tʰek tʰok), all meaning "walking slowly or with difficulty > hesitant".

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (11) (11)
Final () (136) (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨu/ /ɖɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖiu/ /ɖiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiəu/ /ȡiɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖuw/ /ɖɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/ȡiu/ /ȡiɔ/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭəu/ /ȡĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯ə̯u/ /ȡʱi̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chóu chú

VerbEdit

躊躇

  1. to walk back and forth
  2. to hesitate; to pause
    老師躊躇一會兒發表意見 [MSC, trad.]
    老师踌躇一会儿发表意见 [MSC, simp.]
    Tīng wán le wǒ de huà, lǎoshī chóuchú le yīhuìr, cái fābiǎo tā de yìjiàn. [Pinyin]
    After hearing me out, my teacher hesitated for a moment before stating his opinion.

SynonymsEdit

  • (to hesitate):

Derived termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

躊躇

  1. (literary) smug; complacent; self-satisfied

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (躊躇):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Hyōgaiji
ちょ
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 躊躇 (MC ɖɨu ɖɨʌ).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

躊躇 (hiragana ちゅうちょ, rōmaji chūcho, historical hiragana ちうちょ)

  1. hesitation, indecision, wavering

SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

躊躇する (hiragana ちゅうちょする, rōmaji chūcho suru, historical hiragana ちうちょする)

  1. to hesitate, to be undecided, to waver

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan