躊躇

Contents

ChineseEdit

pace back and forth; hesitate; waver hesitate
trad. (躊躇)
simp. (踌躇)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Reduplication with the original form of *du da.

Cognate with 躑躅 (*dek dok), 踟躕 (*de do), 彳亍 (*tʰek tʰok), all meaning "walking slowly or with difficulty > hesitant".

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (躊躇, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (11)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨu/ /ȡʱi̯ə̯u/ /ȡiu/ /ɖiu/ /ɖuw/ /ȡĭəu/ /ȡiəu/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (11)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨʌ/ /ȡʱi̯wo/ /ȡiɔ/ /ɖiɔ/ /ɖɨə̆/ /ȡĭo/ /ȡiɔ/

VerbEdit

躊躇

  1. to walk back and forth
  2. to hesitate

SynonymsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

躊躇

  1. smug; complacent; self-satisfied

SynonymsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Hyōgaiji
ちょ
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese compound 躊躇 ‎(djhiou trhjak, literally hesitate + jump over, pass over).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

躊躇 ‎(hiragana ちゅうちょ, romaji chūcho, historical hiragana ちうちょ)

  1. hesitation, indecision, wavering

SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

躊躇する ‎(hiragana ちゅうちょする, romaji chūcho suru, historical hiragana ちうちょする)

  1. to hesitate, to be undecided, to waver

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
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