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See also: 踌躇

Contents

ChineseEdit

pace back and forth; hesitate; waver hesitate
trad. (躊躇)
simp. (踌躇)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Reduplication with the original form of *du da.

Cognate with 躑躅 (*dek dok), 踟躕 (*de do), 彳亍 (*tʰek tʰok), all meaning "walking slowly or with difficulty > hesitant".

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (11) (11)
Final () (136) (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨu/ /ɖɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖiu/ /ɖiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiəu/ /ȡiɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖuw/ /ɖɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/ȡiu/ /ȡiɔ/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭəu/ /ȡĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯ə̯u/ /ȡʱi̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chóu chú

VerbEdit

躊躇

  1. to walk back and forth
  2. to hesitate

SynonymsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

躊躇

  1. smug; complacent; self-satisfied

SynonymsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Hyōgaiji
ちょ
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese compound 躊躇 (djhiou trhjak, literally hesitate + jump over, pass over).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

躊躇 (hiragana ちゅうちょ, rōmaji chūcho, historical hiragana ちうちょ)

  1. hesitation, indecision, wavering

SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

躊躇する (hiragana ちゅうちょ, rōmaji chūcho, historical hiragana ちうちょ)

  1. to hesitate, to be undecided, to waver

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan