Japanese edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
Alternative spellings

Originally kakayaku.[1][2][3] Samuel Martin suggests the initial kaka- element is a mimetic word.[3] The -yaku element may be the verb-forming suffix やく (-yaku). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation edit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "輝く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
輝く がや [kàgáyáꜜkù]
Imperative (命令形) 輝け がや [kàgáyáꜜkè]
Key constructions
Passive 輝かれる がやかれ [kàgáyákáréꜜrù]
Causative 輝かせる がやかせ [kàgáyákáséꜜrù]
Potential 輝ける がやけ [kàgáyákéꜜrù]
Volitional 輝こう がやこ [kàgáyákóꜜò]
Negative 輝かない がやかない [kàgáyákáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 輝かなかった がやかなかった [kàgáyákáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 輝きます がやきま [kàgáyákímáꜜsù]
Perfective 輝いた がやいた [kàgáyáꜜìtà]
Conjunctive 輝いて がやいて [kàgáyáꜜìtè]
Hypothetical conditional 輝けば がやけば [kàgáyáꜜkèbà]

Verb edit

(かがや) (kagayakuintransitive godan (stem (かがや) (kagayaki), past (かがや)いた (kagayaita))

  1. to shine dazzlingly
  2. to be crowned with glory, to sparkle

Conjugation edit

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ 輝・耀”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. ^ 輝く”, in デジタル大辞泉 (Dejitaru Daijisen)[2] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, updated roughly every four months
  3. 3.0 3.1 Martin, Samuel E. (1987) The Japanese Language Through Time, New Haven, London: Yale University Press, →ISBN, page 701
  4. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN