Open main menu

Wiktionary β

U+9020, 造
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9020

[U+901F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9021]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 162 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜竹土口 (YHGR), four-corner 34306, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1258, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38898
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1746, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3841, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9020

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*skʰuːɡs, *sɡuːʔ
*skʰuːɡs
*skʰuːɡs, *sɡuːʔ
*skʰuːɡs
*kuːɡs, *kuːɡ
*kuːɡs
*kuːɡs, *kuːɡ
*kʰuːʔ, *kuːɡ
*kʰuːɡs
*ɡuːʔ, *kuːb
*ɡuːʔ
*ɡuːʔ
*kruːɡs
*skʰruɡs
*kruːɡ, *kuːɡ
*kʰruːɡ, *kʰuːɡ
*kuːɡ
*kuːɡ, *ɡuːɡ
*kʰuːɡ
*kʰuːɡ
*kʰuːɡ
*ɡuːɡ

Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *skʰuːɡs, *sɡuːʔ): semantic  (to walk) + phonetic  (OC *kuːɡs, *kuːɡ).

Etymology 1Edit

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • Quanzhou:
    • chǒ - vernacular;
    • chǒ͘ - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡sɑu⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡sau⁵³/
    Tianjin /t͡sɑu⁵³/
    Jinan /t͡sɔ²¹/
    Qingdao /t͡sɔ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡sau³¹²/
    Xi'an /t͡sʰau⁴⁴/
    Xining /t͡sɔ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /t͡sɔ¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡sɔ¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡sɔ²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰau³⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰau¹³/
    /t͡sau¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰao²¹³/
    Kunming /t͡sʰɔ²¹²/
    Nanjing /t͡sɔo⁴⁴/
    Hefei /t͡sʰɔ⁵³/
    /t͡sɔ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰau⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /t͡sʰɔ³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡sɔ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /zɔ²³/
    Suzhou /zæ³¹/
    Hangzhou /d͡zɔ¹³/
    Wenzhou /zɜ³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰɔ²²/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰə²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰau⁵⁵/ 建~
    /t͡sau¹¹/ ~孽
    Xiangtan /t͡sʰaɯ⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑu²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰau⁵³/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰo⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sou²²/
    Nanning /t͡su²²/
    Hong Kong /t͡sou²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰo²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɔ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sau⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sau³⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /tau³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (15)
    Final () (89)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡zɑuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡zɑuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zɑuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡zawX/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡zɑuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡zɑuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱɑuX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zào
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzawX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[dzˤ]uʔ/
    English make

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 3803
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sɡuːʔ/
    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to make; to build
    2. to manufacture; to make; to produce
    3. to create; to invent; to establish
    4. to make up; to fabricate
    5. to institute
    6. era; period
    7. crop; harvest
    8. (law) party concerned in the suit
    9. (Mandarin) Eye dialect spelling of 知道 (zhīdào), representing Taiwan Chinese.

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (14)
    Final () (89)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sʰɑuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sʰɑuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sʰɑuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sʰawH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡sʰɑuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sʰɑuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡sʰɑuH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    cào
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tshawH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*(mə-)tsʰˤuʔ-s/
    English go to

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 3799
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*skʰuːɡs/
    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to go to; to arrive at; to reach
    2. to visit; to pay a visit; to call to pay respect
    3. to achieve; to attain; to accomplish
    4. achievement; accomplishment; attainment

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𢲵 (“(Sichuan) to stir; to flip over; to rummage”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of 𢲵.)

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. create, make, physique, structure

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (tạo, xáo, xạo, tháo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.