Japanese edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 3

From Old Japanese. First attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE.[1] From Proto-Japonic *asonpu.

Pronunciation edit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "遊ぶ"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
遊ぶ そぶ [àsóbú]
Imperative (命令形) 遊べ そべ [àsóbé]
Key constructions
Passive 遊ばれる そばれる [àsóbárérú]
Causative 遊ばせる そばせる [àsóbásérú]
Potential 遊べる そべる [àsóbérú]
Volitional 遊ぼう そぼ [àsóbóꜜò]
Negative 遊ばない そばない [àsóbánáí]
Negative perfective 遊ばなかった そばなかった [àsóbánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 遊びます そびま [àsóbímáꜜsù]
Perfective 遊んだ そんだ [àsóńdá]
Conjunctive 遊んで そんで [àsóńdé]
Hypothetical conditional 遊べば そべ [àsóbéꜜbà]

Verb edit

(あそ) (asobuintransitive godan (stem (あそ) (asobi), past (あそ)んだ (asonda))

  1. play, amuse oneself, enjoy oneself
  2. spend one's time idle, do nothing
  3. for an item not to be in use, be spare or idle

Usage notes edit

Unlike "play" in English, this term is applied to both children and adults. (This leads to usage errors such as "I enjoy playing with my girlfriend on weekends.") It is used broadly for any enjoyable activity such as socializing.

Conjugation edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1974), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Second edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  4. ^ Nakai, Yukihiko, editor (2002), 京阪系アクセント辞典 [A Dictionary of Tone on Words of the Keihan-type Dialects] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Bensei, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.