See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 162 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 卜口山金 (YRUC), four-corner 37308)

  1. choose, select
  2. elect
  3. election

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1265, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39127
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1761, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3886, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9078

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (16)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siuᴇnX/ /si̯wɛnX/ /siuɛnX/ /sʷiɛnX/ /swianX/ /sĭwɛnX/ /sjuænX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (16)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siuᴇnH/ /si̯wɛnH/ /siuɛnH/ /sʷiɛnH/ /swianH/ /sĭwɛnH/ /sjuænH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xuǎn ‹ sjwenX › /*[s]o[n]ʔ/ choose; count
xuǎn ‹ sjwenX › /*[s]o[r]ʔ/ count (v.)
xuàn ‹ sjwenH › /*[s]o[n]ʔ-s/ even, orderly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14157 3 /*sqʰonʔ/
14158 3 /*sqʰons/

VerbEdit

  1. to choose; to pick; to select
  2. to elect

SynonymsEdit

  • (Cantonese) (jiǎn)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

Kanji in this term
せん
Grade: 4
on'yomi

‎(hiragana せん, romaji sen)

  1. selection
  2. choice
  3. choosing

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn, Yale sen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tuyển)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Read in another language