See also:
U+90A3, 那
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-90A3

[U+90A2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+90A4]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 163, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸手弓中 (SQNL), four-corner 17527, composition𭃂)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1268, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39305
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1767, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3760, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+90A3

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *naːl, *naːlʔ, *naːls): phonetic (OC *njam, *njamʔ) + semantic (city).

Originally the name of a state; later borrowed for a distal demonstrative.

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𨚗

Cognate with (OC *njaɡ, “that”), (MC ȵiᴇX, “that”) (Norman, 1988). Also compare (Schuessler, 2007):

PronunciationEdit


Note: nèi - contraction of (nàyī), used when it is followed by classifier or numeral + classifier.
Note: naa6, no5 - rare.
Note:
  • nā - vernacular;
  • nō͘ - literary.

DefinitionsEdit

  1. that; those
    /   ―  rén shì shéi?  ―  Who is that person?
    什麼 / 什么  ―  shì shénme?  ―  What's that?
    為什麼特別 [MSC, trad.]
    为什么特别 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ wèishénme tèbié tiāo le yī ge ne? [Pinyin]
    Why did you choose that one in particular?
    將近四川成都郊區百花橋 [MSC, trad.]
    将近四川成都郊区百花桥 [MSC, simp.]
    From: Dàshuǐ Guòhòu (After the Flood)
    nián wǒ jiāngjìn shí suì, zhù zài Sìchuān Chéngdōu jiāoqū de Bǎihuāqiáo. [Pinyin]
    That year, I was about ten years old, living in Sichuan Province in a suburb of Chengdu city called Hundred Flowers.
    Antonym: (zhè)
  2. then; in that case
      ―  wǒ ne?  ―  (Then) what about me?
    明白最好打扮 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Ńg, wǒ míngbái le, wǒ zuìhǎo yě dǎbàn yī xià. [Pinyin]
    Oh, I see. I'd better dress up then.
    喜歡工作怎麼辭掉 [MSC, trad.]
    喜欢工作怎么辞掉 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ bù xǐhuān zhè fèn gōngzuò? nǐ zěnme bù cídiào ne? [Pinyin]
    You don' t like your job? In that case why don' t you leave?
  3. (dialectal) so; that
SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𨚗

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ná - vernacular;
  • nó͘ - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (8)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/nɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/naX/
Li
Rong
/nɑX/
Wang
Li
/nɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nuǒ
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
no5
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 10769
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naːlʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (dated) Alternative form of (, “which; where”).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𨚉
𨙻

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (8)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/nɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/na/
Li
Rong
/nɑ/
Wang
Li
/nɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nuó
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
no4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nuó
Middle
Chinese
‹ na ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˁar/
English ample

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 10766
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naːl/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. many; much
  2. beautiful
  3. calm; tranquil
  4. (historical) Nuo (a state)
  5. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𨚗

Fusion of 如何 (OC *nja ɡaːl) or 奈何 (OC *naːls ɡaːl).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (8)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/nɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/na/
Li
Rong
/nɑ/
Wang
Li
/nɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nuó
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
no4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 10766
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naːl/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. how

Etymology 6Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (nuó, “to move”).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 7Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (8)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/nɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/naH/
Li
Rong
/nɑH/
Wang
Li
/nɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nuò
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
no6
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 10770
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naːls/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Sentence-final interrogative particle.
  2. Synonym of (nài). (clarification of this definition is needed)
  3. to finish; to end

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 8Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 那吒, alternative form of 哪吒 (Nézhā).

Etymology 9Edit

simp. and trad.
  This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “from Manchu ᠨᠠᡵᠠ (nara)?”

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. A surname​. Na

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. what

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(na) (hangeul , revised na, McCune–Reischauer na, Yale na)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: na, , nả,

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.