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See also:
U+90A3, 那
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-90A3

[U+90A2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+90A4]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 163 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸手弓中 (SQNL), four-corner 17527, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1268, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39305
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1767, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3760, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+90A3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
naːl, *naːlʔ, *naːls
naːl
naːlʔ
noːm, *njam, *njamʔ
noːm
n̥ʰaːm, *n̥ʰaːm
n̥ʰaːm, *njam
n̥ʰaːm
njam, *njams
njam
njam
njam, *njamʔ
njam
njamʔ
njamʔ, *neːmʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *naːl, *naːlʔ, *naːls): phonetic  (OC *njam, *njamʔ) + semantic  (city).

Originally the name of a city; later borrowed for a distal demonstrative.

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: nèi - contraction of (nàyī), used when it is followed by classifier or numeral + classifier.
Note: no5 - rare.
Note:
  • nā - vernacular;
  • nō͘ - literary.

DefinitionsEdit

  1. that; those
    Antonyms: (zhè)
    /   ―  rén shì shuí?  ―  Who is that person?
    什麼 / 什么  ―  shì shénme?  ―  What's that?
  2. Used after (), 咋就. so; that
  3. then; in that case
      ―  wǒ ne?  ―  (Then) what about me?
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“that”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan 𡃕
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Penang
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai
Wenzhou

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • ná - vernacular;
  • nó͘ - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (8)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/nɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/naX/
Li
Rong
/nɑX/
Wang
Li
/nɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nuǒ
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 10769
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naːlʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (dated) Alternative form of (, “which; where”).

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. A surname​. Na; Nuo

Pronunciation 4Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (8)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/nɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/na/
Li
Rong
/nɑ/
Wang
Li
/nɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nuó
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nuó
Middle
Chinese
‹ na ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤar/
English ample

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 10766
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naːl/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. beautiful
  2. how
  3. many
  4. Alternative form of (nuó, “to move”).

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 5Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (8)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/nɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/na/
Li
Rong
/nɑ/
Wang
Li
/nɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nuó
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nuó
Middle
Chinese
‹ na ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤar/
English ample

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 10766
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naːl/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Final interrogative particle
  2. to endure
  3. to finish, to end

Pronunciation 6Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 那吒.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. what

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(na) (hangeul , revised na, McCune-Reischauer na, Yale na)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(na, , nả, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.