Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *prɯʔ): phonetic  ‎(OC *prɯʔ, *daː) +  

Han characterEdit

(radical 163 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 口田弓中 (RWNL), four-corner 67627)

  1. countrified
  2. mean, ignoble
  3. despise, hold in contempt

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1276, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39597
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1776, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3792, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9119

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi²¹⁴/
Harbin /pi⁵³/
Tianjin /pi¹³/
Jinan /pi²¹/
Qingdao /pi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pi³¹²/
Xi'an /pʰi⁵³/
Xining /pʰji⁵³/
Yinchuan /pi⁵³/
/pi¹³/
Lanzhou /pi⁴⁴²/
/pʰi⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /pi⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰi⁴²/
Chengdu /pʰi⁵³/
Guiyang /pʰi⁴²/
Kunming /pʰi⁵³/
Nanjing /pi²¹²/
Hefei /pz̩²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /pi⁴⁵/
Pingyao /pʰi⁵³/
Hohhot /pi⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /pi³⁵/
Suzhou /pi⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /pi⁵³/
Wenzhou /pei⁴²/
Hui Shexian /pʰi³⁵/
Tunxi /pʰi³¹/
Xiang Changsha /pʰi⁴¹/
Xiangtan /pʰi⁴²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /pʰi³¹/
Taoyuan /pʰi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰei³⁵/
Nanning /pʰi³⁵/
Hong Kong /pʰei³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰi⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰi³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pi²¹/
/pʰi²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰi⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fi³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠiɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/piɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pjiX/
Li
Rong
/pjiX/
Wang
Li
/piX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/piX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*prəʔ/
English border town

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 550
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*prɯʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
とひと
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Originally a compound of ‎(to, outside) +‎ ‎(hito, person). The kanji used is an example of jukujikun.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana とひと, romaji tohito)

  1. (archaic, pejorative) a countrified or rustic person: a hick, a bumpkin

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bi) (hangeul , revised bi, McCune-Reischauer pi, Yale pi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(bỉ, bẽ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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