TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 164 +5, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一田人尸 (MWOS), four-corner 18611)

  1. vinegar

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1282, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39824
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1781, character 43
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3578, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+9162

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

‎(Jyutping cou3, zaa3, zok6, Yale chou3, ja3 jok6)

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. vinegar

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

Unclear. One theory is that this is a native Japanese term, with the su reading somehow related to the way that very sour things cause one to pucker.

Given that vinegar was historically introduced to Japan in the 300-400s from China, another possibility is that the su reading is from Middle Chinese or instead, and that this naturalized and came to be regarded as a native kun'yomi rather than a Chinese-derived on'yomi. Compare modern Mandarin reading or Cantonese cou3.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji su)

  1. vinegar

Derived termsEdit

IdiomsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(cho, jak) (hangeul , , revised cho, jak, McCune-Reischauer ch'o, chak, Yale cho, cak)

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MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

‎(Pinyin zuò (zuo4), Wade-Giles tso4)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tạc, thố)

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