Japanese

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Kanji in this term
おも
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Etymology

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From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *onpo.

Pronunciation

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  • Tokyo pitch accent of inflected forms of "重い"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Continuative (連用形) 重く もく [òmókú]
Terminal (終止形) 重い もい
[òmóí]
[òmóꜜì]
Attributive (連体形) 重い もい [òmóí]
Key constructions
Informal negative 重くない もくな [òmókúnáꜜì]
Informal past 重かった かった [òmóꜜkàttà]
Informal negative past 重くなかった もくなかった [òmókúnáꜜkàttà]
Formal 重いです いです [òmóꜜìdèsù]
Conjunctive 重くて くて [òmóꜜkùtè]
Conditional 重ければ ければ [òmóꜜkèrèbà]

Adjective

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(おも) (omoi-i (adverbial (おも) (omoku))

  1. heavy
    Antonym: 軽い (karui)
    (おも)くて()()げられない
    omokute mochiagerarenai
    too heavy for one to lift
  2. (computing, of computers or programs) sluggish; slow
  3. (computing, of computer networks) congested; having poor performance
    (かい)(せん)(おも)
    kaisen ga omoi
    the networks are congested
  4. (computing, of files) large
    (おも)データを(おく)
    omoi dēta o okuru
    to transfer large amounts of data

Inflection

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Synonyms

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Derived terms

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References

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  1. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1974), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Second edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō
  2. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN
  3. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN