See also:
U+9285, 銅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9285

[U+9284]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9286]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 167, +6, 14 strokes, cangjie input 金月一口 (CBMR), four-corner 87120, composition )

References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1304, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40361
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1806, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4196, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+9285

Chinese

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trad.
simp.
Chemical element
Cu
Previous: (niè) (Ni)
Next: (xīn) (Zn)
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *doːŋ) : semantic (metal) + phonetic (OC *doːŋ).

Etymology

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Since metals are typically associated with color, the word is probably related to (OC *l'uːŋ, “red”) (Schuessler, 2007).

The word "copper" occurs in some Southeast Asian languages with initial l- (Sagart, 1999). Examples include Zhuang luengz, Bouyei luangz and Bu-Nao Bunu loŋ², which are early loans from Chinese.

Tibetan དོང་ཙེ (dong tse, Chinese copper coin) was borrowed from Chinese 銅子铜子 (tóngzǐ).

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • tông - literary;
  • tâng - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter duwng
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/duŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/duŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dəwŋ/
Li
Rong
/duŋ/
Wang
Li
/duŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tóng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
tung4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ duwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l]ˁoŋ/
English bronze, copper

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12448
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*doːŋ/

Definitions

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  1. (chemistry) copper (Cu)
  2. bronze
  3. a surname

Synonyms

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Compounds

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (どう) ()
  • Korean: 동(銅) (dong)
  • Vietnamese: đồng (, copper; dong (Vietnamese currency)) (see there for further descendants)

Others:

  • Khmer: ទង់ (tŭəng, bronze; red copper; alloy of copper and gold), ថង (thɑɑng, gold), ទង (tɔɔng, gold)
  • Lao: ທອງ (thǭng, copper; gold; metal)
  • Thai: ทอง (tɔɔng, gold)
  • Zhuang: doengz (copper; brass)

References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

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Compounds

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Etymology 1

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Chemical element
Cu
Previous: ニッケル (nikkeru) (Ni)
Next: ()(えん) (aen) (Zn)
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
どう
Grade: 5
kan'yōon

From Middle Chinese (MC duwng). Compare modern Min Nan reading tông, Wu don, Xiang dong2.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(どう) (

  1. copper, Cu

Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
あかがね
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Compound of (aka, red) +‎ (kane, metal).[3][1] The kane changes to gane as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

First cited to the Nihon Shoki of 720 CE.[3]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(あかがね) (akagane

  1. copper, Cu

Etymology 3

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Kanji in this term
あか
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Abbreviation of akagane.[1]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(あか) (aka

  1. copper, Cu

References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun 구리 (guri dong))

  1. Hanja form? of (copper).
  2. Hanja form? of (Vietnamese dong).

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Việt readings: đồng
: Nôm readings: đòng, đồng

  1. chữ Hán form of đồng (copper).

References

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