See also:
U+932E, 錮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-932E

[U+932D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+932F]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 167, +8, 16 strokes, cangjie input 金田十口 (CWJR), four-corner 86100, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1312, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40578
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1813, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4219, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+932E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːɡs): semantic (metal) + phonetic (OC *kaːs).

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuoH/
Shao
Rongfen
/koH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɔH/
Li
Rong
/koH/
Wang
Li
/kuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuoH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˁaʔ-s/
English chronic (of illness)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4233
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːɡs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to run metal into cracks
  2. to confine; to imprison
  3. chronic (of illness)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. to tie; confine

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC kuoH). Recorded as Middle Korean 고〯 (Yale: kwo) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 막을 (mageul go))

  1. Hanja form? of (to confine).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cố)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.