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ChineseEdit

 
long; length; forever; always; constantly; chief; head; elder; to grow; to develop
knife
trad. (長刀)
simp. (长刀)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

長刀

  1. long knife; cane knife, bistoury, etc.

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 2
jukujikun

See 薙刀. The 長刀 spelling (“long blade”) is jukujikun (熟字訓).

For pronunciation and definitions of 長刀 – see the following entry at 薙刀.
なぎなた【薙刀・長刀・眉尖刀】
[noun](weaponry) naginata: a traditional Japanese glaive (polearm historically used to cut down infantry and cavalry)
(This term, 長刀, is an alternative kanji spelling of 薙刀.)

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
なが
Grade: 2
かたな > がたな
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Kanji in this term
なが
Grade: 2
かたな
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Compound of (naga, long, the stem of adjective 長い (nagai, long)) +‎ (katana, katana, the traditional single-bladed Japanese sword).[1][2][3]

Encountered with both the unvoiced nagakatana and voiced nagagatana readings.[1][2][3] The voiced reading may be more common,[3] wherein the katana changes to gatana as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Tokyo) がかたな [nàgákáꜜtànà] (Nakadaka – [3])
  • IPA(key): [na̠ɡa̠ka̠ta̠na̠]

NounEdit

長刀 (hiragana なががたな, rōmaji nagagatana, alternative reading ながかたな, rōmaji nagakatana)

  1. (weaponry, rare) a katana with a long blade

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ちょう
Grade: 2
とう
Grade: 2
goon

/tjautau//t͡ɕʲɔːtɔː//t͡ɕɔːtɔː/

From Middle Chinese 長刀 (MC ɖɨɐŋ tɑu).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

長刀 (hiragana ちょうとう, rōmaji chōtō, historical hiragana ちやうたう)

  1. a long sword
    Synonym: 大刀 (daitō) (literally “great sword”)
    Antonym: 短刀 (tantō) (literally “short sword”)
  2. a naginata
    Synonym: 薙刀 (naginata)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN