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See also: 开心

Contents

ChineseEdit

open; operate (vehicle); start heart; mind
trad. (開心)
simp. (开心)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (29) (16)
Final () (41) (139)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰʌi/ /siɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰəi/ /sim/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɒi/ /sjem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəj/ /sim/
Li
Rong
/kʰᴀi/ /siəm/
Wang
Li
/kʰɒi/ /sĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɑ̆i/ /si̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kāi xīn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kāi xīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ khoj › ‹ sim ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʰˤəj/ /*səm/
English to open (v.t.) heart

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 7348 13801
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰɯːl/ /*slɯm/

AdjectiveEdit

開心

  1. happy

VerbEdit

開心

  1. (Classical Chinese) to open up the mind; to enlighten the mind
  2. to have a good time
    今天開心 [MSC, trad.]
    今天开心 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ jīntiān guò de hěn kāixīn. [Pinyin]
    I had a great time today.
  3. to make fun of someone
    開心 / 开心  ―  Bié ná wǒ xún kāixīn!  ―  Don't make fun of me!

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit