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ChineseEdit

phonetic
trad. (閻魔)
simp. (阎魔)

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Sanskrit यम (yama, Yama).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (36) (4)
Final () (153) (95)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiᴇm/ /muɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɛm/ /muɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/jæm/ /muɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jiam/ /mwa/
Li
Rong
/iɛm/ /muɑ/
Wang
Li
/jĭɛm/ /muɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ɛm/ /muɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yán

Proper nounEdit

閻魔

  1. () (Hinduism, Buddhism, Chinese mythology) Synonym of 閻羅阎罗 (Yánluó, “Yama (god of the underworld)”).

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
えん
Hyōgaiji

Grade: S
on’yomi

Proper nounEdit

閻魔 (hiragana えんま, katakana エンマ, rōmaji Enma)

  1. (Shinto): Enma, the Japanese name for Yama, the Buddhist and Chinese god who presides over naraku (hell).

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit