Chinese edit

to hinder; to block; to obstruct to stop; prohibit; till
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit


  1. to stop; to prevent; to convince not to

Synonyms edit

Related terms edit

Japanese edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S

Grade: 2
kan’on on’yomi
Alternative spelling

Etymology edit

Ultimately from Middle Chinese 阻止 (MC tsrjoX|tsrjoH tsyiX). First attested in 1827.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

()() (soshi

  1. blocking, thwarting, prevent, hindrance, impedance or impediment
    Synonym: 阻む (habamu)
    Antonyms: (promotion) 推進 (suishin), (assistance) 後押し (atooshi)

Verb edit

()()する (soshi surutransitive suru (stem ()() (soshi shi), past ()()した (soshi shita))

  1. to block, to thwart, to prevent, to impede, to hinder something
    hōan o soshi suru
    to block a bill
    mizu no fusoku ga toshi no seichō o soshi suru
    the lack of water is impeding the growth of the city
    shinten o soshi suru
    to hinder progress
    sensō no boppatsu o soshi suru
    to prevent the outbreak of war

Conjugation edit

References edit

  1. ^ Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN