See also:
U+9673, 陳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9673

[U+9672]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9674]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order (Taiwan)
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 170, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓中木田 (NLDW), four-corner 75296, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1353, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41698
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1856, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4136, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9673

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph originEdit

 
陳 - traditional
Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'iŋ, *l'iŋs): semantic  (mound) + phonetic  (OC *toːŋ) – to display; to arrange.

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • tân - vernacular (incl. surname);
  • tîn - literary.
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: dang5 / ting5 / cing5 / ding5
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: tâng / thîng / tshîng / tîng
    • Sinological IPA (key): /taŋ⁵⁵/, /tʰiŋ⁵⁵/, /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/, /tiŋ⁵⁵/
Note:
  • dang5 - surname, state, dynasty;
  • ting5 - “to exhibit; to display; to explain; old”;
  • cing5 - used in 陳皮;
  • ding5 - used in 鋪陳 (“bedding”).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰən³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴⁵/
    /t͡sʰən⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ⁴²/
    Qingdao /tʃʰə̃⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
    Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ²⁴/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
    Suzhou /zən¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
    Wenzhou /d͡zaŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən¹³/
    Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨn²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰən¹¹/
    Taoyuan /tʃʰen¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
    Nanning /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tin³⁵/
    /tan³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /teiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    /tʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    /taŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³¹/
    /ʔdaŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (11)
    Final () (44)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖˠiɪn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖᵚin/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡien/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖjin/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡjĕn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡǐĕn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱi̯ĕn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chén
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chén
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ drin ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lri[n]/
    English arrange

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 1392
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l'iŋ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to exhibit; to display
      /   ―  chénshè  ―  to exhibit
    2. to explain
      /   ―  chénshù  ―  to describe
    3. old; ancient
      /   ―  chénnián  ―  old
    4. () (historical) state of Chen (vassal state during the Zhou dynasty)
    5. (~朝) (historical) Chen dynasty
    6. A surname​, listed tenth in the Baijiaxing: Chen, Chan, Chun, Chin, Tan, Gin
      /   ―  Chén Shuǐbiǎn  ―  Chen Shui-bian (President of the Republic of China (Taiwan), 2000-2008)
    SynonymsEdit
    • (old):

    CompoundsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
    Name Time period Divisions
    Xia
    (~朝, ~代)
    2070 – 1600 BCE
    Shang
    (~朝, ~代)
    (~朝, ~代)
    1600 – 1046 BCE
    Zhou
    (~朝, ~代)
    1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
    西周
    Eastern Zhou
    東周东周
    Spring and Autumn period
    春秋
    Warring States period
    戰國战国
    Qin
    (~朝, ~代)
    221 – 206 BCE
    Han
    (~朝, ~代)
    206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
    西漢西汉
    Xin
    (~朝)
    Eastern Han
    東漢东汉
    Three Kingdoms
    三國三国
    220 – 280 CE Wei
    Shu
    Wu
    Jin
    (~朝, ~代)
    265 – 420 CE Western Jin
    西晉西晋
    Eastern Jin
    東晉东晋
    Southern and Northern dynasties
    南北朝
    420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
    北朝
    Northern Wei
    北魏
    Western Wei
    西魏
    Eastern Wei
    東魏东魏
    Northern Zhou
    北周
    Northern Qi
    北齊北齐
    Southern dynasties
    南朝
    Liu Song
    劉宋刘宋
    Southern Qi
    南齊南齐
    Liang
    (~朝, ~代)
    Chen
    (~朝, ~代)
    Sui
    (~朝, ~代)
    581 – 618 CE
    Tang
    (~朝, ~代)
    618 – 907 CE
    Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
    五代十國五代十国
    907 – 960 CE
    Liao
    (~朝, ~代)
    907 – 1125 CE
    Song
    (~朝, ~代)
    960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
    北宋
    Southern Song
    南宋
    Western Xia
    西夏
    1038 – 1227 CE
    Jin
    (~朝, ~代)
    1115 – 1234 CE
    Western Liao
    西遼西辽
    1124 – 1218 CE
    Yuan
    (~朝, ~代)
    1271 – 1368 CE
    Ming
    (~朝, ~代)
    1368 – 1644 CE
    Qing
    (~朝, ~代)
    1636 – 1912 CE

    Pronunciation 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“short moment of time; etc.”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. display
    2. plead

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    ちん
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɖˠiɪn, ɖˠiɪnH).

    PronunciationEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (ちん) (Chin

    1. Chen dynasty
    2. Chen (state)

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ひね
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (ひね) (hine

    1. aging
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune–Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

    1. To spread, to lay out, to unfold.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (trần)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999