TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic .

Han characterEdit

(radical 170 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 弓中人一人 (NLOMO), four-corner 78286, composition)

  1. narrow pass
  2. strategic point
  3. dangerous

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1361, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41874
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1865, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4160, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+96AA

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (險), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 鹽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 虚檢切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hiᴇmX/ /xi̯ɛmX/ /xiɛmX/ /hiɛmX/ /hiamX/ /xĭɛmX/ /xjæmX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiǎn ‹ xjæmX › /*qʰr[a]mʔ/ precipitous, dangerous
xiǎn ‹ xjemX › /*qʰr[a]mʔ/ precipitous, dangerous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10221 1 /*qʰramʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

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Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(heom) (hangeul , revised heom, McCune-Reischauer hŏm, Yale hem)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hiểm, hẻm, hiếm, hĩm)

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