See also: 虽然

ChineseEdit

although; even though
 
so; thus; like this
so; thus; like this; ‑ly; correct; right
trad. (雖然)
simp. (虽然)

PronunciationEdit


Note: sui1 riêng5 - Chaozhou.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (16) (38)
Final () (16) (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siuɪ/ /ȵiᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/sʷi/ /ȵiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjuɪ/ /ȵʑjæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/swi/ /ȵian/
Li
Rong
/sui/ /ȵiɛn/
Wang
Li
/swi/ /ȵʑĭɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/swi/ /ȵʑi̯ɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
suī rán
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
suī rán
Middle
Chinese
‹ swij › ‹ nyen ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-qʷij/ /*[n]a[n]/
English although; even if so, thus; (adv suffix)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 12844 10756
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sqʰʷi/ /*njen/

ConjunctionEdit

雖然

  1. although
    雖然沒有但是需要學習如何開車 [MSC, trad.]
    虽然没有但是需要学习如何开车 [MSC, simp.]
    Suīrán wǒ méiyǒu chē, dànshì wǒ xūyào xuéxí rúhé kāichē. [Pinyin]
    Although I don't have a car, I need to learn how to drive.
    雖然第一但是一點驕傲 [MSC, trad.]
    虽然第一但是一点骄傲 [MSC, simp.]
    Wáng Xiùyīng suīrán kǎo le dìyī, dànshì tā yīdiǎn yě bù jiāo'ào. [Pinyin]
    Although Wang Xiuying scored first in the exam, she was not at all arrogant about it.
  2. (Classical Chinese) although so; despite this; nevertheless; that being said

SynonymsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Unlike in English, in Chinese it is customary for 雖然虽然 (suīrán, “although”) to be followed by 但是 (dànshì, “but; however”).

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (雖然):
  • Vietnamese: tuy nhiên (雖然)

Related termsEdit