U+96E9, 雩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96E9

[U+96E8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96EA]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 173, +3, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一月一一尸 (MBMMS), four-corner 10727, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1371, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42212
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1878, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4057, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+96E9

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰʷla, *ɢʷla): semantic (rain) + phonetic (OC *ɢʷa).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𩁹
𦏻
𦏴

A 平聲平声 (píngshēng) noun derived from (OC *ɢʷaʔ, “to rain”), possibly through back-formation (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦio/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆/
Li
Rong
/ɣio/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hju ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)a/
English sacrifice for rain

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15717
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷla/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (historical) sacrifice with prayer and dance for rain

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.

Preserved in many modern Wu dialects, as well as a few neighbouring Huizhou and Jianghuai Mandarin dialects, as (Xiang, 2014).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. rainbow
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (32)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/hio/
Shao
Rongfen
/xio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/huə̆/
Li
Rong
/xio/
Wang
Li
/xĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15693
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰʷla/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 雩婁雩娄 (Yúlóu).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. offer sacrifice for rain

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (u))

  1. a shamanistic service to pray for rain

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: vu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit