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U+96E9, 雩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96E9

[U+96E8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96EA]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 173, +3, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一月一一尸 (MBMMS), four-corner 10727, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1371, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42212
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1878, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4057, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+96E9

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qaːls
*kʰʷraː
*kʰʷraː
*kʰʷraː, *kʰʷraːs, *kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷraː, *kʰʷraːʔ, *kʰʷraːs, *kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷraː
*kʰʷraːʔ
*kʰʷraːʔ
*kʰʷraːʔ
*kʰʷraːʔ
*ɢʷraː, *qʷaː
*ɡʷraːs
*pɢʷaː, *kʰʷaː
*qʰʷl'aː
*kʰʷaː, *qʷaː
*kʰʷaː
*kʰʷaː
*kʰʷaː
*kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷaːs
*qʰaː
洿 *ɡʷaːʔ, *qʷaː
*ɡʷlaː, *ɡʷlaːs
*ɢʷlaːʔ
*qʷaː, *qʷaːs
*qʷaː
*qʷaː
*qʷaː
*qʷaː
*qʷaːs, *ɢʷa
*qʰʷl'a
*qʰʷl'a
*pqʰʷa, *qʰʷa
*qʰʷla, *ɢʷla
*qʰʷa, *ɢʷas
*qʰʷa
*qʰʷa
*qʰʷa, *qʷa
*qʰʷa
*qʰʷaʔ
*qʷa
*qʷa
*qʷa, *qʷaʔ, *ɢʷa
*qʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa, *ɢʷas
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷla
*ɢʷaʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰʷla, *ɢʷla): semantic  (rain) + phonetic  (OC *ɢʷa).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𩁹
𦏻
𦏴

A 平聲平声 (píngshēng) noun derived from (OC *ɢʷaʔ, “to rain”), possibly through back-formation (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦio/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆/
Li
Rong
/ɣio/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hju ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)a/
English sacrifice for rain

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15717
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷla/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (historical) sacrifice with prayer and dance for rain

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.

Preserved in many modern Wu dialects, as well as a few neighbouring Huizhou and Jianghuai Mandarin dialects, as (Xiang, 2014).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. rainbow
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“rainbow”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , 螮蝀, ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 彩虹,
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan 彩虹
Harbin
Shenyang
Hailar 彩虹
Ulan Hot 七彩虹
Tongliao 彩虹
Chifeng
Bayanhot 彩虹,
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Wanrong
Xi'an
Zhengzhou
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan
Huanggang
Chengdu
Guiyang
Guilin
Liuzhou , 彩虹
Kunming
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Nantong ,
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan)
Masanchin (Shaanxi Dungan)
Cantonese Guangzhou , 天虹, 龍拱
Hong Kong 天虹, 彩虹
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 天弓
Foshan 鑊耳龍
Shunde 拱篷
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 虹拱
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 龍孔
Doumen 龍孔
Taishan 鑊耳
Kaiping (Chikan) 鑊耳龍
Dongguan
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang 破篷
Xinyi 湴更
Lianjiang
Nanning
Wuzhou 彩虹
Yulin 龐虹
Hepu 天虹
Danzhou 天虹
Kuala Lumpur 彩虹, 彩龍
Ho Chi Minh City 彩虹
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan 天虹, 天吊
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian 天弓
Xingning 天弓
Huidong 天弓
Qujiang 天弓
Xiaosanjiang
Luchuan 天公降水
Changting
Pingyu 天弓
Wuping 天弓
Liancheng
Ninghua
Yudu
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 天弓,
Liudui (S. Sixian) 天弓
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu) 天弓
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong 天弓
Senai 天弓, 彩虹
Sabah (Longchuan) 天弓
Singkawang 天弓
Huizhou Jixi 日頭紅虹,
Yixian
Qimen
Wuyuan
Fuliang
Dexing 彩虹
Xianyu (formerly Zhanda)
Jin Taiyuan
Pingyao
Xinzhou
Baochang
Jining
Hohhot
Baotou
Dongsheng
Linhe
Haibowan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Dikou
Zhenqian
Shibei , 攔溪仔 dated
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing
Shouning
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Yongchun
Zhangzhou
Hua'an
Dongshan
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Wuqi
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Zhangping (Yongfu) 天虹
Pingnan
Chaozhou
Haifeng
Johor Bahru
Wenchang
Haikou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning
Guilin
Shehua Fu'an 交龍
Fuding 交龍
Luoyuan 交龍
Sanming 交龍
Shunchang 交龍
Hua'an 交龍
Guixi 交龍
Cangnan 交龍
Jingning 交龍
Lishui 交龍
Longyou 交龍
Chaozhou 交龍
Fengshun 交龍
Wu Shanghai , 彩虹, dated
Suzhou , 彩虹,
Wuxi 彩虹, ,
Hangzhou , 彩虹
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua , 彩虹
Tangxi
Ningbo ,
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Loudi
Quanzhou 彩虹

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (32)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/hio/
Shao
Rongfen
/xio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/huə̆/
Li
Rong
/xio/
Wang
Li
/xĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15693
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰʷla/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 雩婁雩娄.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. offer sacrifice for rain

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (u))

  1. a shamanistic service to pray for rain

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: vu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit