U+9730, 霰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9730

[U+972F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9731]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 173, +12, 20 strokes, cangjie input 一月廿月大 (MBTBK), four-corner 10248, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1378, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42458
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1887, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4076, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+9730

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compared to Tibetan སེར་བ (ser ba, hail) and Western Tamang सेर (hail) (STEDT).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/senH/
Pan
Wuyun
/senH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɛnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɛnH/
Li
Rong
/senH/
Wang
Li
/sienH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sienH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiàn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ senH ›
Old
Chinese
/*sˁ[e]r-s/
English sleet

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10976
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sqʰeːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. graupel; hail; sleet
    Synonym: 米雪

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

 
霰(arare)

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
あられ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(あられ) (arare

  1. hail under five millimeters in diameter
  2. diced pieces of food

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC senH). Recorded as Middle Korean 션〯 (Yale: syen) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 싸라기눈 (ssaraginun san))
(eumhun 싸라기눈 (ssaraginun seon))

  1. Hanja form? of / (hail).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]