See also: and
U+9769, 革
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9769

[U+9768]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+976A]
U+2FB0, ⾰
KANGXI RADICAL LEATHER

[U+2FAF]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FB1]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 177, +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿中十 (TLJ), four-corner 44506)

  1. Kangxi radical #177, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1385, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42710
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1899, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4325, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9769

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Pictogram (象形) – a stretched animal hide: the upper is head, the bottom is the tail and legs.

Compare , which also features a hide.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note: gaap3 - variant.
Note:
  • 4kaq - colloquial;
  • 4keq - literary.
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kɤ³⁵/
    Harbin /kɤ²¹³/
    Tianjin /kɤ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /kə²¹³/
    Qingdao /kə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /kɤ²⁴/
    Xi'an /kei²¹/
    Xining /kɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ka¹³/
    /kə¹³/
    Lanzhou /kə¹³/
    Ürümqi /kɤ²¹³/
    /kei⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /kɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /ke³¹/
    Guiyang /kɛ²¹/
    Kunming /kə³¹/
    Nanjing /kəʔ⁵/
    Hefei /kɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /kaʔ²/
    Pingyao /kʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /kaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /kəʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /kəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /kɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /ka²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /kʰɛʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /ka⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /kə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /kæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /kiɛʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /ket̚¹/
    Taoyuan /ket̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kap̚³/
    Nanning /kak̚³³/
    Hong Kong /kak̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kik̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kek̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kek̚⁵/
    /kɔk̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (119)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠɛk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚæk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɐk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kəɨjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kæk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kæk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ge
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gak1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kɛk › ‹ kɛk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˁrək/ /*kˁrək/
    English hide, skin change (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3835
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*krɯːɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. leather; animal hide
    2. (historical) leather armour and weaponry
    3. (historical) ornament on the front of the cart
    4. Alternative form of (, “headstall”).
    5. to change; to alter; to reform
    6. to remove; to expel
    7. 49th hexagram of the I Ching
    8. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (, “terminally ill; critical”).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. leather
    2. become serious
    3. skin
    4. hide
    5. pelt

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    かわ
    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    Specialization of (かわ) (kawa, skin).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (かわ) (kawaかは (kafa)?

    1. leather
      (かわ)(ひょう)()
      kawa no hyōshi
      leather book cover

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (hyeok, geuk) (hangeul , , revised hyeok, geuk, McCune–Reischauer hyŏk, kŭk, Yale hyek, kuk)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: cách

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.