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See also:
U+9769, 革
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9769

[U+9768]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+976A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 177, +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿中十 (TLJ), four-corner 44506)

  1. Kangxi radical #177, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1385, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42710
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1899, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4325, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9769

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krɯːɡ
*krɯːɡ, *kʰrɯːɡ
*kʰrɯːɡ
*kriːd

Pictogram (象形) – a stretched animal hide: the upper is head, the bottom is the tail and legs.

Compare , which also features a hide.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • 4kaq - colloquial;
  • 4keq - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kɤ³⁵/
Harbin /kɤ²¹³/
Tianjin /kɤ⁴⁵/
Jinan /kə²¹³/
Qingdao /kə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kɤ²⁴/
Xi'an /kei²¹/
Xining /kɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ka¹³/
/kə¹³/
Lanzhou /kə¹³/
Ürümqi /kɤ²¹³/
/kei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /ke³¹/
Guiyang /kɛ²¹/
Kunming /kə³¹/
Nanjing /kəʔ⁵/
Hefei /kɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kaʔ²/
Pingyao /kʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /kaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /kəʔ⁵/
Suzhou /kəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /kɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ka²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kʰɛʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ka⁵/
Xiang Changsha /kə²⁴/
Xiangtan /kæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kiɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ket̚¹/
Taoyuan /ket̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kap̚³/
Nanning /kak̚³³/
Hong Kong /kak̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kek̚⁵/
/kɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (119)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠɛk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚæk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɐk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/kɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/kæk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kæk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ge
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kɛk › ‹ kɛk ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁrək/ /*kˁrək/
English hide, skin change (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3835
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. leather; animal hide
  2. (historical) leather armour and weaponry
  3. (historical) ornament on the front of the cart
  4. Alternative form of (, “headstall”).
  5. to change; to alter; to reform
  6. to remove; to expel
  7. 49th hexagram of the I Ching
  8. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (, “terminally ill; critical”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. leather
  2. become serious
  3. skin
  4. hide
  5. pelt

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Specialization of  (かわ) (kawa, skin).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かわ, rōmaji kawa, historical hiragana かは)

  1. leather
     (かわ) (ひょう) ()
    kawa no hyōshi
    leather book cover

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hyeok, geuk) (hangeul , , revised hyeok, geuk, McCune–Reischauer hyŏk, kŭk, Yale hyek, kuk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cách, rắc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.