See also: and
U+9769, 革
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9769

[U+9768]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+976A]
U+2FB0, ⾰
KANGXI RADICAL LEATHER

[U+2FAF]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FB1]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 177, +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿中十 (TLJ), four-corner 44506)

  1. Kangxi radical #177, .

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1385, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42710
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1899, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4325, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9769

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠦶

𩎎

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Pictogram (象形) – a stretched animal hide: the upper is head, the bottom is the tail and legs.

Compare (), which also features a hide.

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit


Note: gaap3 - variant.
Note:
  • 4kaq - colloquial;
  • 4keq - literary.
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kɤ³⁵/
    Harbin /kɤ²¹³/
    Tianjin /kɤ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /kə²¹³/
    Qingdao /kə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /kɤ²⁴/
    Xi'an /kei²¹/
    Xining /kɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ka¹³/
    /kə¹³/
    Lanzhou /kə¹³/
    Ürümqi /kɤ²¹³/
    /kei⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /kɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /ke³¹/
    Guiyang /kɛ²¹/
    Kunming /kə³¹/
    Nanjing /kəʔ⁵/
    Hefei /kɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /kaʔ²/
    Pingyao /kʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /kaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /kəʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /kəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /kɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /ka²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /kʰɛʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /ka⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /kə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /kæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /kiɛʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /ket̚¹/
    Taoyuan /ket̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kap̚³/
    Nanning /kak̚³³/
    Hong Kong /kak̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kik̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kek̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kek̚⁵/
    /kɔk̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (119)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Baxter keak
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠɛk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚæk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɐk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kəɨjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kæk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kæk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ge
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gak1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kɛk › ‹ kɛk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˁrək/ /*kˁrək/
    English hide, skin change (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3835
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*krɯːɡ/

    Definitions edit

    1. leather; animal hide
    2. (historical) leather armour and weaponry
    3. (historical) ornament on the front of the cart
    4. Alternative form of (headstall)
    5. to change; to alter; to reform
    6. to remove; to expel
        ―  zhí  ―  to dismiss; to remove from office
      [Cantonese]  ―  gaak3 ce2 [Jyutping]  ―  to fire; to dismiss; to remove from office
    7. 49th hexagram of the I Ching
    8. a surname

    Compounds edit

    Etymology 2 edit

    Pronunciation edit


    Definitions edit

    1. Alternative form of (terminally ill; critical)

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. leather; animal hide; pelt
    2. become serious
    3. change; alter

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Etymology edit

    Kanji in this term
    かわ
    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    Specialization of (かわ) (kawa, skin).

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (かわ) (kawaかは (kafa)?

    1. leather
      (かわ)(ひょう)()
      kawa no hyōshi
      leather book cover

    References edit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean edit

    Hanja edit

    (hyeok, geuk) (hangeul , , revised hyeok, geuk, McCune–Reischauer hyŏk, kŭk, Yale hyek, kuk)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: cách

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.