See also:
U+9811, 頑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9811

[U+9810]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9812]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 181, +4, 13 strokes, cangjie input 一山一月金 (MUMBC), four-corner 11286, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1401, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43374
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1917, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4359, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9811

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋroːn, *ŋroːn): phonetic (OC *ŋon) + semantic .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • goân - literary;
  • oán - vernacular (俗).
Note:
  • nguang5 - Shantou;
  • nguêng5 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (70)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋˠuan/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋʷᵚan/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋuɐn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋwaɨn/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋuan/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋwan/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋwan/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    wán
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 16138 16139
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3 3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    𤸷
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋroːn/ /*ŋroːn/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. obstinate; stubborn; recalcitrant
    2. stupid; ignorant
    3. naughty; mischievous

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. stubborn

    ReadingsEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    かたくな
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    かたくな
    [adjective] stubborn
    Alternative spellings
    , 頑な
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (wan) (hangeul , revised wan, McCune–Reischauer wan, Yale wan)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: ngoan, ngoãn

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.