See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order

Han characterEdit

(radical 181 +7, 16 strokes, cangjie input 一廿一月金 (MTMBC), four-corner 11186, composition)

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1404, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43490
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1921, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4372, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+982D

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *doː): phonetic  ‎(OC *doːs) + semantic 

EtymologyEdit

Replaced earlier (OC *hljuʔ, *hljus, “head”).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰou³⁵/
Harbin /tʰou²⁴/
Tianjin /tʰou⁴⁵/
Jinan /tʰou⁴²/
Qingdao /tʰou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /tʰou⁴²/
Xi'an /tʰou²⁴/
Xining /tʰɯ²⁴/
Yinchuan /tʰəu⁵³/
Lanzhou /tʰou⁵³/
Ürümqi /tʰɤu⁵¹/
Wuhan /tʰəu²¹³/
Chengdu /tʰəu³¹/
Guiyang /tʰəu²¹/
Kunming /tʰəu³¹/
Nanjing /tʰəɯ²⁴/
Hefei /tʰɯ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰəu¹¹/
Pingyao /təu¹³/
/tʰəu¹³/
Hohhot /tʰəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /dɤ²³/
Suzhou /dɤ¹³/
Hangzhou /dei²¹³/
Wenzhou /dɤu³¹/
Hui Shexian /tʰiu⁴⁴/
Tunxi /tʰiu⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /təu¹³/
Xiangtan /dəɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /tʰɛu²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /tʰeu¹¹/
Taoyuan /tʰeu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰɐu²¹/
Nanning /tʰɐu²¹/
Hong Kong /tʰɐu²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰɔ³⁵/
/tʰau³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰau⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰe³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰau⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hau³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dəu/
Pan
Wuyun
/dəu/
Shao
Rongfen
/dəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dəw/
Li
Rong
/du/
Wang
Li
/dəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tóu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ duw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[m-t]ˤo/
English head

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2465
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*doː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. head
    不再 / 不再  ―  tóu bùzài tòng le.  ―  My head doesn't hurt any more.
  2. hair
  3. top, tip, end
  4. chief, boss
  5. remnant, end
  6. Classifier for livestock.  all nouns using this classifier
    /   ―  Wǒ yǒu liǎng tóu zhū.  ―  I have two pigs.
  7. first, leading
  8. Diminutive suffix.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
あたま
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あたま, romaji atama)

  1. (anatomy) the forehead or fontanelle part of the skull
  2. head (body part)
     (あたま) (いた)い。
    Atama ga itai.
    My head hurts.
IdiomsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
かしら
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かしら, romaji kashira)

  1. the head as a whole
  2. boss, leader
  3. top part of a Chinese character
  4. head of a doll
Alternative formsEdit
  • (head of a doll):

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
かぶり
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かぶり, romaji kaburi)

  1. head
IdiomsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
かぶ
Grade: 2
Irregular

Cognate with ‎(kabu, stump).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [ka̠bɯᵝ]

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かぶ, romaji kabu)

  1. (obsolete) head
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
つぶり
Grade: 2
Irregular

Probably a compound of ‎(tsubu, round thing, such as a grain) + ‎(ro, suffix indicating a state or condition).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [t͡sɯᵝbɯᵝɾi]

NounEdit

‎(hiragana つぶり, romaji tsuburi)

  1. head

Etymology 6Edit

Kanji in this term
つむり
Grade: 2
Irregular

From tsuburi above. Bilabial plosive /b/ becomes bilabial nasal /m/.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana つむり, romaji tsumuri)

  1. head
  2. hair of head

Etymology 7Edit

Kanji in this term
つむ
Grade: 2
Irregular

Shortened from tsumuri: see above.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [t͡sɯᵝmɯᵝ]

NounEdit

‎(hiragana つむ, romaji tsumu)

  1. head
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 8Edit

Kanji in this term
こうべ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

kamipe > kampe > kaube > koːbe. Compound of either ‎(kami, upper) or ‎(kami, hair) with the suffix ‎(pe, location).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana こうべ, romaji kōbe, historical hiragana かうべ)

  1. head
Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 9Edit

Kanji in this term
どたま
Grade: 2
Irregular

Contraction of ‎(do, super-, often used ironically as a derogatory prefix) +‎ ‎(atama, head).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • (Tokyo) たま [dòtámáꜜ] (Odaka - [3])[1]
  • IPA(key): [do̞ta̠ma̠]

NounEdit

‎(hiragana どたま, romaji dotama)

  1. (derogatory) head
Usage notesEdit

Often spelled in hiragana, as どたま.

Etymology 10Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on'yomi

/du//d͡zu//zu/

From Middle Chinese ‎(duw, head).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji zu, historical hiragana )

  1. head
Usage notesEdit

This reading is more often found in compounds, such as 頭痛 ‎(zutsū, a headache).

IdiomsEdit

Etymology 11Edit

Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana とう, romaji -tō)

  1. heads of large animals (cows, horses)
     ()わせて1300 (せんさんびゃく) (とう) (あま)りが出荷 (しゅっか)され、全国各地 (ぜんこくかくち)流通 (りゅうつう)した
    Awasete sen sanbyaku amari ga shukka sare, zenkoku kakuchi ni ryūtsū shita.
    Altogether over 1300 heads of cattle have been distributed throughout the country.

NounEdit

‎(hiragana とう, romaji )

  1. head
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(du) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer tu, Yale twu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Northern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana つぃぶる, romaji tsiburu)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(tsuburi), dialectal ‎(tsuburo), itself probably a compound of ‎(tsubu, round thing, such as a grain) + ‎(ro, suffix indicating a state or condition).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana つぃぶる, romaji tsiburu)

  1. head

Oki-No-ErabuEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana ちぶる, romaji chiburu)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(tsuburi), dialectal ‎(tsuburo), itself probably a compound of ‎(tsubu, round thing, such as a grain) + ‎(ro, suffix indicating a state or condition).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ちぶる, romaji chiburu)

  1. head
  2. an intelligent person

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana ちぶる, romaji chiburu)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(tsuburi), dialectal ‎(tsuburo), itself probably a compound of ‎(tsubu, round thing, such as a grain) + ‎(ro, suffix indicating a state or condition).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ちぶる, romaji chiburu)

  1. head
  2. an intelligent person

CompoundsEdit


Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana つぃぶる, romaji tsiburu)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(tsuburi), dialectal ‎(tsuburo), itself probably a compound of ‎(tsubu, round thing, such as a grain) + ‎(ro, suffix indicating a state or condition).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana つぃぶる, romaji tsiburu)

  1. head

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đầu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

YaeyamaEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana つぶり, romaji tsuburi, hiragana つぃぶる, romaji tsiburu, hiragana つぃぶるぃ, romaji tsiburi)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(tsuburi), dialectal ‎(tsuburo), itself probably a compound of ‎(tsubu, round thing, such as a grain) + ‎(ro, suffix indicating a state or condition).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana つぶり, romaji tsuburi, hiragana つぃぶる, romaji tsiburu, hiragana つぃぶるぃ, romaji tsiburi)

  1. head

YoronEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana ちぶる, romaji chiburu)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(tsuburi), dialectal ‎(tsuburo), itself probably a compound of ‎(tsubu, round thing, such as a grain) + ‎(ro, suffix indicating a state or condition).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ちぶる, romaji chiburu)

  1. head
  2. an intelligent person
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